history exam: 2 essays. pick one from a list.
part b: primary document
Hudson's Bay Company
- HBC and NEC merger, 1821
- Fur trade monopoly
- Natives lost negotiating power
- streamlined operations
- massive layoffs
-- chief factors, chief traders-- partners in the company who worked in the field
--- clerks, apprentice clerks
---- Engages, labourers
- Metis were rarely clerks
- Natives at bottom
- company control
- worker resistance
End of Paternalism in HBC
- first governor George Simpson, had a capitalistic view on running company. Profit-oriented
- cut staff and wages
- little collective resistance, too dispersed
First Nations and HBC
- fewer goods for pelts
- increased dependence
- less for pelts, labour
- disease--- natives' survival threatened.
- overexploitation of resources-- natives took part, increased competition among natives
- tradition questioned.
The metis and the HBC
- took part in buffalo hunt
- community conservation measures
- influenced by european ways
- established farms, schools
- resented HBC control over prices
- illegal trade with americansr.
Trial of Pierre Guillaume Sayer, 1849
- charged with illegal trading with americans - metis surrounded courthouse-- infuriated with monopoly of the company
- guilty verdict but recommended mercy-- released.
- metis saw this as a major right, and interpreted it as their right to trade with americans.
- led to exhaustion of resources, extinct buffalo in that ar