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HIST 101
Willeen Keough

Pacific Northwest- Fur Trade - 1820s, collapse of sea otter resource - shift to interior - HBC trading posts -- Fraser Valley -- Lower Mainland. Coastal First Nations - Less European intervention in Cultures. BUT - European diseases -- Decimated some communities -- upset elaborate social relations Disputed Territory - British, Russia, American claims - 1825, Russian sovereignty north of 54'"40 acknowledged by British - 1846, Oregon Treaty -- boundary, 49th parallel -- Oregon, Washington--- US British Response to US Expanisionism - pushed settlement - 1849, HBC given 10 year lease to colonize Vancouver Island - Governor James Douglas -- treaties with First Nations -- compensated only for developed lands -- not for hunting, fishing areas -- tensions. Gold Fever - Fraser Canyon, 1858; Cariboo, 1862 - Huge influx of male immigrants - Temporary housing, tent cities - British assert control -- 1858, Vancouver Island--- crown colony -- 1859, mainland (BC)--- crown colony - Governor James Douglas, governor of both -- prevent annexation to US -- Highways, connect settlements -- developed New Westminster and Victoria. Aftermath of the Gold Rush - Sharp decline in population - ghost towns - European population mostly male - female emigration from Britain -- James Douglas discouraged intermarriage with aboriginal women even though his wife was of mixed heritage. -- "civilizing" effect Race
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