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History 130 Condensed.docx

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Simon Fraser University
HIST 130
Luke Clossey

History 130: Condensed EVENT TIME MAIN CONCEITS PEOPLE OBSCURE TERMS Pre-Civilization 1.5mya – - Hunting and gathering, spread out from Africa, Homo erectus (1.5mya) Paleolithic 2,000 BC developed material culture and religion Homo sapiens (250,000ya) Neolithic - Agricultural Revolution begins in Fertile Hunters and gatherers  farmers, Crescent, irrigation, plows specialized workers - Disease, specialization Civilization 2,000BC - Cities, writing, bronze More than before, with more disease. - Writing originates in Fertile Crescent, Uruk is in FC, bronze used originally for military - Global depression in 1,000BC? Axial Age 800-200BC - All great religions created (?) Elijah 1000BC; Junzi - Lots of warring states = lots of opportunities Zoroaster and Upanishads 800-500; Kamma - States know that philosophy and knowledge Confucius and Buddha 500; Bhavana are helpful / important: thinkers can advise on Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Zhuangai, Carpe Diem how to rule and conquer Mencius 500-200BC Reason Let us all reason out what to do here, for the hereafter. G-Boom 1 1-200AD - Four empires existing at the SAME TIME Rome: (27BC-400sAD) Pax Romana - Silk Road  trade across Eurasia Parthians: 247BC – 224AD - spices, metals, little things, wool, glass, Mauryan: 321BC-185BC cotton, food, peaches from China, walnuts +Kushan : 1 AD – 200s AD and grapes from Europe, religion, disease Qin (221BC-206BC) and Han (206BC- (measles and smallpox) 220AD) - Christianity ruins Rome (empire) - Buddhism ruins China (empire) G-Boom 2 661-907AD - Dark Ages in Europe; strong Islamic and Byzantine Empire in far East Chinese states Islam: Umayyad 661-750  Battle of Tours: 732 – Islam not going Islam: Abbasid 750-1259 into Europe Chinese Buddhism: Tang 618-907  Battle of Talas River: 751 – Islam not Song dynasty 960-1269 going into China (though China lost the battle) - People are travelling long distances to trade, permanently - No industrial revolution in China th G-Boom 3 13 century - Genghis Khan unites Mongols Temujin Pax Mongolica - ‘no more barriers exist’, brotherhood among Marco Polo Nok hor th people th Lifestyles of 1400s 15 century - Hunter gatherers Malthus (18 century) Nomadic - Pastoralists Sedentary - Hand cultivators Technology - Plow cultivators Early Modern Era 1400- - Demography and population changes Indo-Gangetic Core (densest); Yang- Malthusian Cycles (general) 1800AD - Post-partum non-susceptibility Yellow Core (most people) Menarche - Marital restraint vs. Moral restraint Zheng He Boondocks - High mortality rate due to war and starvation Panglima Awang - End of Pax Mongolica Columbus (America, 15 ) th th - Global plowlands Cabot (Newfoundland, 15 ) - Constantinople falls to Turks De Gama (India ,15 ) th th th - Circumnavigation of the globe (16 ) Tasman (Australia,17th Cook (America, 18 ) Globalization in EME 1400- - No nationalism Ortelius: Theatrum Orbis Terrarium, 16 th Potosi th 1800AD - Founding of Manila (16 ) - Convergence of bimetallic ratio - Global companies - Columbian and Magellan Exchanges - Triangular Trade/Balance of Trade Manufacturing in 1400- - Commodification Capitalists EME 1800AD - Intensive vs. extensive growth Workers th - Destruction of artisan class Slaves Black Death 14 century - Begins in Asia, spread by Mongols, wipes out a third of Europe’s population th th Renaissance 15 century - Rebirth of the Axial Age Gentile de Fabriano (15 ) Humanities - Greek texts from fall of Constantinople hit Masaccio (15 ) th Humanitas th Europe Gutenberg (15 ) Scholasticism - Linear perspective and realism trends in art Humanism Sultaniyeh th th - Secular, artisan, vernacular, realism Scientific Revolution 13 – 17 - Medicinal theatres Aristotle Epicycles centuries - Switch from geocentric to heliocentric Ptolemy Eccentric th - Europe is better fit for scientific revolution due Al-Tusi (13 ) Equant to nature of theory and institutions (corporate) Copernicus Madrasa - Math, lab, nature become ‘trashy’  science Robert Holcott (14 ) th becomes public Galileo Francis Bacon Descartes Enlightenment - Reason is universal, rational, natural Kant Constitutionalism - Skepticism, happiness, progress Hutton Deism - Reason reveals nature allowing progress John Locke Enlightened towards happiness. Joseph II absolutism - Geology, history, religion, knowledge, gov’t Bentham Hedonistic calculus Ram Mohan Roy Tabula rasa - Bengali resistance - Abolition of slavery Revolutions 18 -19 th - American Revolution Napoleon Jihads th - French Revolution Louis 16 - Haiti Revolution - Mexico
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