Eastern and Western Christianity
In the West, they sought consensus and this movement was paired with a time of greater division.
Eventually there became two separate churches, Roman Catholic, and Greek Orthodox, with a geographic,
cultural and linguistic split.
1. What were the differences?
2. Where did they come from?
3. Why did they matter?
History: Roots of division in Roman Empire
• Diocletian reorganized the empire into two parts
− Both western half and eastern half were to be ruled by different emperors and junior
− The joint rulership did not always happen (Constantine, Theodosius)
• In the 5 century, things were better in the East than in the West. When Rome fell, the Eastern
Emperor continued to rule in Constantinople. This lasted until the 15 century.
• Western Christianity developed under the Germanic kingdoms
• The East continues to be ruled under the Byzantine Emperor
− Latin Vs. Greek