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Midterm 2 Review Qs.pdf

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Health Sciences
HSCI 100
Mark Lechner

HUMAN BIOLOGY HSCI 100 Spring 2014 Things to know and study for ExamII Lecture 7 - Blood • What type of tissue is blood and what are its components? • How does the structure of red blood cells relate to their function? • How are red blood cells produced? What is hematopoiesis? • How are blood clots generated? • What are disorders of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets? • Describe the function of each white blood cell. • What are antigens and antibodies? • How do ABO blood types affect blood transfusions? • Lecture 8 – The Cardiovascular System • What are the functions of the cardiovascular system? • What is the anatomy of the heart and the blood vessels (veins and arteries)? • What is the path of blood flow through the heart and the pulmonary and systemic circuits in the body? • How do capillaries function? • What is a heart beat and how is it generated and regulated? • What is blood pressure? • What are common cardiovascular diseases and treatments? Lecture 9 – The Respiratory System • What are the parts and functions of the upper and lower respiratory system? • What is the mechanism for expiration and inspiration? • How is breathing controlled by the nervous system? • How does pH regulate breathing or vice versa? • Where is the exchange of gases (O an2 CO ) acc2mplished? • How does diffusion drive the exchange of gases? • What are some common respiratory infections and disorders? Lecture 10 – The Digestive System and Nutrition • What are the digestive system structures and their functions? • What processes drive digestion? • Where do carbohydrate, protein and fat digestion and absorption occur? • What are the 3 accessory organs of digestion and how are they important for digestion? • What is GERD? What is an ulcer? • What are some common liver disorders and how do they arise? • Likewise, what some common disorders of the colon? 1 HSCI100 – Spring2014 • What are proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins needed for? • What is an essential vs. a nonessential nutrient? Difference between micro and macronutrient? • What is obesity and why is it a health problem? • What is BMI? • What is a glycemic index? • What are LDL and HDL? • Which fats are considered healthier? • What are the components of a healthy diet?
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