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PSYC 100 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Aroma Compound, Saltatory Conduction, Retinal Ganglion Cell


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Russell Day
Study Guide
Midterm

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SFU
PSYC 100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYC 100 - Lecture 2 - Themes and Perspectives
Different Methods -- Different Conclusions
● People…
Perceive situations subjectively
Remember situations subjectively
7 Themes, 3 About Psychology
● Psychology
Is empirical
Tends to focus on scientific method to try to collect scientific data
Does not use common sense
Does not study extrasensory perception
Is theoretically diverse
Theories give rise to testable hypotheses
Evolves in a sociohistorical context
We can do things that could not be done many years ago
4 themes about what we study in psychology
Behavior is determined by multiple causes
Shaped by environment
Our behavior is shaped by our environment and cultural heritage
Shaped from across individual cultures
Our experience of the world is highly subjective
Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior
Questions*
Why might it be useful in psychology to have multiple theoretical perpectives?
Why are the theoretical perspectives necessary to a scientific approach to studying
human behavior?
6 Theorectical Perspectives*
● Psychodynamic
Sigmund Freud
Considered one of “founding fathers”
The unconscious - parts of brain/mind broken into different areas, tied to
area of understanding that humans were motivated by drives
Motivated us to behave in ways that humans were unaware
Childhood has great influence, thought that early childhood experiences
were related to shaping behavior
Origical sin/basic goodness
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● Humanist
Direct response to psychodynamic perspective
“We are motivated to become better than we are”
Challenged Freud’s ideas
Maslow & Rogers
People motivated toward growth and self-actualization
Being the best they can be throughout their lives
Positive Psychology Movement
Idea that you focus on what people do well
● Behaviorist
Response to both psychodynamic and humanist perspectives
Watson - only sees behavior
Skinner - environment is everything in shaping behavior
What you are punished for doing, you are more likely to stop doing, what
you are praised for doing, you are more likely to continue to do
Bandura’s Cognitive Behaviorism
Humans have the ability to put themselves in other peoples’ shoes
● Cognitive
Gave rise to assumption that humans are rational ‘“problem-solvers”
○ Structuralism
○ Functionalism
Gestalt psychology
● Sociocultural
Biological (including evolutionary)
atheorectical
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