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Psych 102: 6 Perspectives on Behaviour chart comparison.doc

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PSYC 102
Brooke Seal

PSYC 102: Intro to Psychology Part II Six Perspectives on Behaviour • 6 Perspectives on • Brief overall • Key Figures • Personality • Major Causal • Predominant Behaviour beliefs Factors in focus & methods Behaviour of discovery • Structuralism leads to -the analysis of• -Wilhelm Wundt• • • the mind in terms Functionalism (1832-1920) of its basic • -Edward structural Titchener (1867- elements 1927) -studies the • -William James functions of consciousness (1842-1910) • Biological (behavioural “we behave the • -Darwin (1859) • -Trait-defining • -genetic (heredity)• -study of brain- neuroscience) way we do -Karl Lashley • -Factor analysis & evolutionary behaviour relations because of our (1890-1958) • -Cattell’s 16 Factors factors • -role of hormones biology, our • -Eysenck’s • -brain and & biochemical brain, our genetic biochemical factors in behaviour makeup; Our Extraversion- processes • -behavioural behaviour is Stability Model (hormones & related to • -Big Five (OCEAN) genetics research biological • -Myers-Briggs neurotransmitters• -physiological • -differences in measures processes (brain, functioning of • -MRI, fMRI, CT chemicals)” nervous system scan, PET scan, EEG Behavioural • “we behave the • -Ivan Pavlov -conditioning (dogs• -past learning • -study of learning way we do (1849-1936) experiences and the processes in lab & (Behaviourism: because we learn -law of effect (learn stimuli and real-world settings Cognitive, Social- • -Edward by consequences) from the Thorndike (1874- behaviour • -emphasis on Cognitive) responses in the 1949) consequences that precise observation environment • -John B. Watson exist in the current of stimuli & around us” (1878-1958) environment responses • • • • -B.F. Skinner -a person’s Re: Trait-theorists (1904-1990) behaviour & habits & behaviour geneticists: paper & reflects his pencil inventories personality; (MMPI & NEO-PI) personality is learned • from previous experiences and by Re: Personality: use environment; behavioural assessments & self- behaviour reporting measures modification -Locus of Control • -Julian Rotter (1916) -human agency; self- • -Albert Bandura efficacy (1925) -if…then… • Walter Mischel behaviour; (1930) Cognitive-Affective Personality System Cognitive • -examines the • -Herm
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