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Study Guide for Psyc 201

Course Code
Cathy Mc Farland

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Study Guide (Psyc 201)
Chapter 1
Know and understand the 3 key aspects to the scientific approach
Know the goals of scientific research (description, prediction, determination of cause, and
explanation of behavior)
Know the difference between basic and applied research
Chapter 2
How a hypothesis differs from a prediction
Describe the different sources of ideas for research (common sense, observation, theories,
functions of theories)
Know what information is included in the abstract, intro, method, results and discussion
Chapter 3
Know the 3 ethical principles outlined in Belmont Report
Milgrim study
Informed consent form- what is contained, issues
Versus minimal risk and greater than minimal risk
Fraud vs. Plagiarism
Chapter 4
Know the definitions of terms at end of chapter
Difference between IVs and DVs
Recognize and describe different types of relationships between variables (positive,
negative, no relationship)
What are the differences between experimental and non-experimental methods?
Know the 3 elements required to infer cause and effect (temporal order, covariation of
cause and effect, elimination of alternatives)
Limitations of laboratory research
Distinguish between construct, internal, external and conclusion validity
Chapter 5
Systematic vs. random error
Understand the concept of reliability
Different ways to determine the reliability of a measure
Understand the concept of validity
Understand the different ways to establish construct validity
What is reactivity and how can we minimize it
Understand the four scales of measurement (Nominal, Ordinal, Ratio, Interval)
Chapter 6
Quantitative vs. Qualitative research
Naturalistic Observation:
Participant vs. Nonparticipant Observation. Concealed vs. Non-Concealed observation.
What is reactivity? How can it be diminished? Increased?
Archival Research, what is it?
Case Studies, what are they used for?
Know about Systematic Observation and coding.
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