Study Guide for Psyc 201
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Study Guide (Psyc 201)
•Know and understand the 3 key aspects to the scientific approach
•Know the goals of scientific research (description, prediction, determination of cause, and
explanation of behavior)
•Know the difference between basic and applied research
•How a hypothesis differs from a prediction
•Describe the different sources of ideas for research (common sense, observation, theories,
functions of theories)
•Know what information is included in the abstract, intro, method, results and discussion
•Know the 3 ethical principles outlined in Belmont Report
•Informed consent form- what is contained, issues
•Versus minimal risk and greater than minimal risk
•Fraud vs. Plagiarism
•Know the definitions of terms at end of chapter
•Difference between IV’s and DV’s
•Recognize and describe different types of relationships between variables (positive,
negative, no relationship)
•What are the differences between experimental and non-experimental methods?
•Know the 3 elements required to infer cause and effect (temporal order, covariation of
cause and effect, elimination of alternatives)
•Limitations of laboratory research
•Distinguish between construct, internal, external and conclusion validity
•Systematic vs. random error
•Understand the concept of reliability
•Different ways to determine the reliability of a measure
•Understand the concept of validity
•Understand the different ways to establish construct validity
•What is reactivity and how can we minimize it
•Understand the four scales of measurement (Nominal, Ordinal, Ratio, Interval)
•Quantitative vs. Qualitative research
Participant vs. Nonparticipant Observation. Concealed vs. Non-Concealed observation.
•What is reactivity? How can it be diminished? Increased?
•Archival Research, what is it?
•Case Studies, what are they used for?
•Know about Systematic Observation and coding.
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