North Korea all media is controlled by government.
Modernity, mass communication and social change
Printing presses in 1450 but it wasn’t a mass media because most people couldn’t read. Illiterate. Printing
was in Latin and most people could not speak/write in Latin.
1700 because of enlightenment there was a spread of literacy. Printing press became mass media because
it was used by the masses
the public sphere: term popularized by Jürgen habermas
where political discussions happen. Political opinion is formed.
Graham spry father of Canadian radio league 1930 because he would do the things government didn’t do.
Broadcasting act: 1991
Effectively owned and controlled by Canadians
Safeguard, enrich and strengthen the cultural political, social and economic fabric of Canada
Encourage development of Canadian expression by providing programming that reflects Canadian
attitudes, options, ideas, artistic creativity by displaying Canadian talent and point of view.
Through programming and employment, service the needs and interests of Canadian people including
equal rights, linguistic duality, multicultural and aboriginal society. So show programming that promotes
Canadian content has to be at least 35%!!!
Two of things must be met, music, lyrics, artist, production. MAPL
LIBERAL PLURALIST REASONS FOR GOV’T ROLE IN MEDIA POLICY
to foster democracy and the public sphere
to ensure citizens are informed
to create a sense of national belonging and cultural identification to foster access to cultural expression and story telling
to protect and foster national economic security
make decisions of how to run the place
create nationalism, cultural policy. Canadian culture reflected to reflect artistic and story telling
to protect or cultural industries, buy Cana