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Final

PSYC 280 Final: CH11 EMOTIONS
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 280
Professor
Neil Watson
Semester
Spring

Description
CH 11 EMOTIONS EMOTION Dimensions 1. Feeling Subjective selfreport There are obvious behavioral signs of feelings sometimes, but usually poorly correlated with inner state A blend of numerous basic states 2. Physiological arousal Distinct, measurable changes in the body that signal emotional states Objective, but unlabeled Eg automatic changes (eg heart races, warm hands, sweaty palm) Activation of automatic nervous system, either the sympathetic nervous system (flight orfight response activates the body for action) or the parasympathetic nervous system (prepares the body to relax and recuperate) Folk suggests that automatic reactions are caused by emotion Stimulus (bang!) perception (danger) particular emotion (fear) automatic arousal 3. Behavioral acts Emotions serve to make behavior adaptive Eg attack behavior by threatened rats, defensive burying, leverpressing for food History 1. Darwin Expressions of emotions were evolved traits serving specific functions That expressions evolve from behaviors that indicate what an animal is likely to do next That if this display is beneficial, it may evolve into a communicate role divorced from the original behavior, eg elaborate threat displays That opposite intentions can be signaled by opposite expressions eg staring and gazing away in primates, gulls pointing beaks to or away from opponents, dog threat and submission th 2. JamesLange (19 century) An environmental stimulus directly causes a physiological response, and that it is the perception of this bodily change that is felt as emotion
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