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Bio-Psych: Endocrine Structures & Hormones.doc

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 280
Neil Watson

Major Endocrine Structure Hormone Function (Glands) Hypothalamus Releasing Hormones Control of hormone secretions by the anterior pituitary (Oxytocin) Production of (Vasopressin) Production of Pineal gland Melatonin Reproductive maturation (regulates puberty); regulates seasonal changes (body rhythms) Serotonin? Pituitary gland: Anterior Growth Hormone (GH) Stimulates & regulates growth Pituitary Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Stimulates hormone secretion of (TSH) thyroid Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulates hormone secretion of (ACTH) adrenal cortex Follicle-stimulating Hormone Stimulates growth of ovarian (FSH) follicles and of seminiferous tubules of the testes Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Stimulates the conversion of follicles into corpora lutea; stimulates secretion of sex- hormones by gonads Prolactin Stimulates milk-secretion by mammary glands Pituitary gland: Posterior Oxytocin Stimulates contraction of uterine Pituitary (stores hormones muscles; stimulates release of produced by hypothalamus) milk by mammary glands Vasopressin (AVP), or Stimulates increased water Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) reabsorption by kidneys (water balance & salt balance); stimulates constriction of blood vessels Thyroid Thyroxine (tetraiodothyronine, Growth & development; T4) metabolic rate (oxidative Triiodothyronine metabolism) Calcitonin Prevents excessive rise in blood-
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