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Ch 15 Emotions.doc

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 280
John Reynolds

Ch 15 Emotions aggression and stressEmotion subjective mental state usually accompanied by distinctive behaviorsinvoluntary physiological changes private subjective feeling that we may have without anyone else being aware of itMany behaviors that people show like fearful facial expressions angry shouts and arm swingsDuring strong emotions we experience physiological changes heart beating short breath sweatInvoluntary physiological changes autonomic nervous system parasympathetic and sympatheticfightflightDo emotions cause bodily changes Vice versaJamesLange theory emotions caused by body changes eg fear bc of our body triggering dangerous conditionsFound out that fear surprise and angersympathetic and parasympatheticCannonbard theory the brain decides which emotions is an appropriate response to the stimuliCerebral cortex simultaneously decides on the appropriate emotional experiences activates autonomic system to prepare body parasympathetic body to restsympathetic body to actionStanley Schachter cognitive mechanisms in emotion cognitive attribution model emotional labels are attributed to nonspecific feelings of physiological arousalemotions we experience depends on cog systems that assess social psychological physical situationEg inject with epinephrine adrenaline and told either there was no effect or heart was racingthose who were warned about the reaction reported no change but those not warned reported emotion change when bodies responded to drugIf injected w epinephrine pple most likely to feel angry when an angry person is present while presence of a happy person may feel cheerfulContradicts jameslange theory where feelings oforshould be associated with a profile of autonomic reactionsSchachter says people misinterpreted the autonomic reactions Heart pound meant Im so excited vs Im so angryemotional state is an interaction bw physiological arousal and cognitive interpretation of that arousalenviro affect emotions eg theatre full of laughing peoplemay perceive movie as funny tooSchacters critics his theory says physiological arousal is nonspecific affecting only intensity of perceived emotion but not its quality when subjects were asked to make a facial expression appropriate for their emotion autonomic patterns of the subjects were different for several emotions like fear and sadness all negative emotions have same autonomic profileso we use polygraph measure autonomic arousal like heart race blood pressurenot accurate dif bw liars vs anxious innocentsHow many emotions do we experience
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