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Midterm

PSYC 354 Midterm Review.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 354
Professor
Tyler Wereha
Semester
Summer

Description
PSYC354Summer2014PSYC354MidtermReviewLectureOneDevelopmentalScienceDevelopmentalScienceBroaderviewperspectiveInterdisciplinaryDrawingfromanumberofdifferentareasformsofpsychologytosomeextentDevelopmentalpsychologyCognitivesciencePhilosophyLinguisticsBiologyNeuroscienceEvolutionarytheoryPrimatologySociologyAnthropologyRoboticsHistoryAndetcPhilosophyQuestionIstherearoleforphilosophyinpsychologyAndisitimportantIthasapartinalldisciplinesbutthereisacutoffpointbeforeitgoesfullcircleandbecomesobsoleteBasedoncriticalthinkingOriginsofpsychologycomesfromphilosophyExpansionofthoughtOpenmindednessDoesntreallycreateaconclusivecourseofactionNoempiricismUsefultogeneratingquestionsleadingtoempiricaltestingHasScienceKilledPhilosophyStephenHawkingYesThereareissuesinpsychologythatappeartobeempiricalbuttheyarenotempiricalwhichposesaprobleminpsychologyItistheconflationoftheseissuesthatisproblematicindevelopmentalpsychologyVideoHawkingvPhilosophyDebateThereisadistinctionbetweengainingfactsandhavingsomewisdomaboutthem1PSYC354Summer2014ScienceisnotaboutassemblingfactsitsdevelopingunderstandingtothosefactsScienceandphilosophyarecomplimentarytoeachothertheyarecontinuousThereisacontinuitybetweenphilosophyandscienceethicsandmoralsDistortionsofphilosophytakeintoaccounthigherpowersandsupernaturalentitiesPhilosophyisaclarifierofissuesnotanexplainersolutiongiveritgiveswastothescientificmethodsScienceisethicsfreeitstheimplicationsofsciencethathaveethicalquestionsdrawnfromitTheEthicsofScienceEpistemicIssuesTheendtoameansScientificmethodwasintendedasanEthicsofScienceconductGoodexplanationvbadexplanationWolperttheonethatgivesyoutherightanswerbutwhatistherightanswerPhilosophySciencehasaphilosophyorethicstowhatWolpertthinksPhilosophyisasecondorderinvestigationPsychologyisafirstorderinvestigationPhilosophyinvestigateshowpsychologistsareinterpretingdataIsthereprogressinphilosophyItisaclarifierofquestionsitisimportantinsciencePhilosophydoesntgainknowledgeitasksquestionsinordertopromoteunderstandingMetatheoreticalAssumptionsOftenunacknowledgedphilosophicalassumptionsonwhichtheoriesarebasedonTwoWorldViewsGeneralPhilosophicalStartingPointshowyouapproachproblems1IndividualisticSplitViewsDualisticandcognitivistassumptionsTheideathatthereisasplitbetweentheinfantandtheworldorasplitbetweentheinfantandotherpeopleandhowweneedtoovercomethissplitDescartesIthinkthereforeIamAllIhaveaccesstoismyownmindhowdoIovercomethisproblemofotherminds2RelationalSystemsViewsStartfromrelationsEnactivismInteractivismEmbodiedCognitionRelationalConstructivismDevelopmentalSystemsTheorytosomeextentProcessApproaches2PSYC354Summer2014TheideathatreallyproblematizesthesplitbetweenpeopleandpeopleorthesplitbetweentheinfantandotherpeopleItisadifferentstartingpointdrawnfromthesplitovertimebasedonactivityRelationalViewOtherMetatheoreticalAssumptionsEvolutionaryAssumptionsUnderliemodelsofdevelopmentNeoDarwinianTheoryvMoreDevelopmentalApproachesEgEvodevoDSTandetcWhatistheviewofevolutionandhowdoesthatinfluenceyouinthinkingaboutdevelopmentMetaphorsMetaphorsaregoodstartingpointtogetpeoplethinkingfromdifferentviewsbutcanposeproblemswhenconclusionsarebasedonthemBrainComputerCognitiveRevolutionCognitivistTheoryMemoriesTakeupSpaceinaMemoryStoreMentalImagesPicturesGenesBlueprintsfordevelopmentAdultlikeCompetenciesReductionReducingtolowerlevelsnoactualexplanationsgivenjustpromissorynotesSeeinghowthingsarebiologicallybasedProblemOftenwhenreducingtootherlevelsthereisnoadditionalexplanationgivennotreallysayingadamnthingMetatheoreticalTheoriesInfluenceOurWaysofThinkinginVariousAreasKnowledgeLanguageMeaningEvolutionDevelopmentTheNatureoftheMindDifferentStartingPointsIndividualMindsSplitDualismCognitivismSkinnervChomskyLanguageAcquisitionWorkstosomeextentbuttherearesomeissueswithinformationprocessingmodelsSocialProcessesRelationalStartingfromrelationsDualismCognitivismOncedominantgivingwaytootherwaysofthinkingapproachesDebates3
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