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ch9 definitions

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 355
Professor
Robert Ley
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 9: Exploring Peer Relations and Friendship Peers - individuals who are about the same age - used to describe an acquaintance, members of a clique, neighborhood associates, friends, and participants in an activity group - peer relations = Sullivan; provide contxt for learning the symmetrical reciprocity mode of relationships Sociometric status - extent to which children and adolescents are liked or disliked by their peer group - 5 type of peers statuses: popular, average, neglected, rejected, and controversial children Popular children - children who are frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers - have number of social skills that contribute to being well liked (give out reinforcements, listen carefully, maintain open lines of communication with peers, happy, control their negative emo, show enthusiasm, concern for others, confident without being conceited Average children - children who receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations from their peers Neglected children - children who are infreqently nominated as a best friend but are not dislike by their peers Rejected children - children who are infrequently nominated as a best friend and are actively disliked by their peers - serious adjustment problems than neglected - best predictor whether they would engage in delinquent behaviour or drop out of school later during adole. Was agression toward peers in elementry skool - most of them are agressive, 10-20% are shy Controversial children - children who are frequently nominated both as a best friend and as being disliked Social cognition - thoughts about social matters Conglomerate strategies - use of a combination of techniques, rather than a single approach, to improve adole. Social skills; aka. Coaching - demonstration, modeling of appropriate social skills, discussion, reasoning about social skills, use of reinforcement for their enactment in actual social situations - with neglected children=help them attract attention from their peers in positive ways and hold their attention by asking questions by listening in warm and friendly way, by syaing things about saying things bout themselves thats related to peers interest; trained to join peers without trying to change what is taking place in the peer group Friends - subset of peers who engage in mutual companionship, support, and intimacy Intimacy in friendship - self-disclosure, or sharing of private though
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