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ch 6 definitions

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PSYC 365
David Cox

Chapter 6: Hospital Stays and Medical Procedures Non-invasive - Any procedure that doesnt include piercing the skin or entering the body with an instrument Day-care patients - Person who goes to the hospital for procedure or test thats more involved than routine radiography but does not stay overnight - Might be put under general anaesthetic so tend to be admitted early in day and discharged by late afternoon - Usually need to be accompanied by someone who can be sure they get home safely and comfortably after procedure - Get identification wristbands associated with hospital stays Reactance - Behaving counter to recommendations in response to feeling that hone has lost personal control over health behaviours; non-compliant behaviours and attitudes of patients who perceive hospital rules and regimens to be unacceptable challenges to their freedom - Behaviours of bad patients - Complaints and demands for additional attention maybe angry attempts by patient to re-establish at least small measure of personal freedom - Reponses = likely to experience anger, heightened secretion of stress hormones, possible aggravation of cardiovascular problems Learned helplessness - State in which a person, because of experience with previously uncontrollable stressful situations, learns to do nothing about a new stressor, rather than trying to cope constructively with it - Belief nothing can be done to improve a difficult situation - Place risk for nor epinephrine depletion, general erosion of health and possibility of sudden death Empowering care - Patient care that yields indepednece and reuslt sin learned mastery Disempowering care - Patient care that yields dependence and can result in learned helplessness Monitors - People who seek information in their attempt to cope with illness and its accompanying challenges - Given large amount of information showed low physiological stress, if little information = more stress Blunters - People who avoid information in their attempt to cope with illness and its accompanying challenges - Little information = low stress, more = greater stress Uniformity myth - Belief that all patient should receive the same amount of information in their preparation for a hospital stay regardless of their persona styles of coping with stress - Some practitioners and researchers that an informed patient simply copes better Dehumanization - Tendency to see people as objects or body parts rather than human beings ICU - Intensive care unit; modern hos
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