Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
SFU (5,000)
PSYC (600)
Study Guide

PSYC 389 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Arousal, Anxiety, Testosterone


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 389
Professor
Nichole Scheerer
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 65 pages of the document.
PSYC 389
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1
PSYC 389 CH1 Introduction
Why study motivation and emotion
- It’s interesting
- It can help us improve our lives and the lives of others
Motivational Science
Reality
- Observe how things work in real life
- Children that are rewarded for completing their homework (they are
allowed to watch tv, they are given a snack, they can go outside and play)
stay on task and complete the task, while the other half are not given any
incentive. The researcher measures the amount of time it takes the
children to complete the task and compares these times across the two
groups
Theory
- A framework to organize and explain observations
- Providing a clear incentive or reward motivates children to complete their
homework faster than simply instructing them to do the homework
Hypothesis
- A prediction about what will happen if the theory is correct
- Children given a clear incentive/ reward will complete homework-like tasks
faster than children not given a clear incentive/ reward
Data
- A research study is carried out to collect data to evaluate the hypothesis
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
Applications
- Develop ways to apply this knowledge in order to modify the reality
- If the researchers find that incentives and rewards do in fact motivate
children to complete their homework faster, they may develop resources
for parents to help them find appropriate incentives and rewards to use to
motivate their children
Two Perennial questions
1. What causes behavior?
- Motivation exists as a scientific field to identify hidden causes of behavior
- Why does behavior start?
- Once begin, why is behavior sustained over time?
- Why is behavior directed toward some goals yet away from others?
- Why does behavior change its direction?
- Why does behavior stop?
2. Why does behavior vary in its intensity?
- motivation varies both within and between individuals
Motives
- Motives are internal processes that energize, direct and sustain behavior
- Energy: behavior has strength
- Direction: behavior has a purpose
- Persistence: behavior has endurance
- Internal motives: determine behavior
- Needs
- conditions necessary to sustain life, well-being and growth
- Generate wants, desires, and thus motivate behavior
- Eg food, water
- Cognitions
- Mental events: thoughts, beliefs, expectations, plans, foals,
strategies, appraisals, attributions, and the self-concept
- Motivate based on striving to meet expectations, follow through on
plans etc
- Eg only individuals who make 100K a year are successful
- Emotions
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version