[SA 150] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (38 pages long!)

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SFU
SA 150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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LECTURE 2
Continue from Lecture 1
ERVING GOFFMAN
Canadian/American Sociologist, born in Alberta
Spent his career teaching in the US
Famous work: Asylums, the presentation of the self in everyday life
Introduced the dramaturgical approach to studying social interaction
ROBERT PARK (1864-1944) American
Founding member of the Chicago school of sociology
Thought of the city as a laboratory
Famous work: the city
Studied with Simmel in Germany
Worked with Booker T. Washington at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
W.E.B DuBois (1868 1963) American
Black American sociologist of race, economics, and culture
Wrote newspaper articles, novels, personal essays, short stories, and poems
The souls of Blak folk 93
Started one of the first sociology programs in the USA at Atlanta University
FEMINIST THEORY
Addresses issues of systematic discrimination against women
Do not need to be a woman to be a feminist/to use feminist theory
Harriet Martineau was one of the first feminist sociologists
Focused on gender, culture, economics
DOROTHY SMITH (1926 -) CANADIAN
Developed the standpoint theory
Involved theorizing from her own position as a woman
Challeged soiologs pefeed ojetie as opposed to sujetie stae i eseah ad itig
Considers other subject positions
Stipulates that even when we argue that a fact is based on research and thus objective, we need to recognize that
all information is developed from the standpoint of the researcher
POST-MODERN THEORY
Tries to include a diversity of voices, especially those that are often drowned out by powerful voices
Correlation with other disciplines
Rejects totalitarian discourses and calls and end to the age of Grand Narratives
Pays attention to ruptures and fissures
Calls into question progress narratives
FOUCAULT
Archaeology of knowledge
Process of digging through historical discourses to see how they may have been distorted along the way, and to study
how these distortions have affected us in the present
Challenge to students of sociology is to understand that knowledge is constructed and that we need to ask the
uestio Ho do e ko hat e ko?
Work on sexuality, prisons and madness, showed how experts were given the privileged position on determining which parts
of sujets aouts of their experiences were true/false
Power-knowledge: power produces knowledge and the fields in which knowledge is exercised
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CANADIAN SOCIOLOGY
Carl Addington Dawson (1887 1964)
Founded the department of sociology in 1922 at McGill University
Influenced by the work of Robert Park and Chicago school, as well as the social gospel movement in Canada
Social gospel movement
Developed as an attempt by people trained for the ministry to apply Christian principles of human welfare to the
treatment of social, psychological and medical ills
UNIVERISTY OF TORONTO
Strong tradition of political economy
Interdisciplinary approach involving sociology, political science, economics, law, anthropology, and history
Political economy looks at the relationship between politics and the economics of the production, distribution, and
consumption of goods
HAROLD INNIS (1894 1952)
Political economist whose work focused on how the availability of staples (furs, cod) shaped the social and
economic foundations of Canada
Major early figure/influence on sociology in Toronto
JOSH PORTER (1921 1979)
Studied the differences between the metaphors of cultural integration employed by the US and Canada
Eaied Caadas ultiultualis ad oied the tevertical mosaic
Situation in which systemic discrimination produces a hierarchy of racial, ethnic, and religious groups
Citial of the oesiplifiatio the osai odel posied to peoples atual epeiee
SOCIOLOGY AT SFU
**Slide picture in phone**
Lecture 2: Research
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
System of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular question
Sociology = big discipline with researchers taking a variety of approaches
Can be contentious
DOING SOCIOLOGY
No single best way to do sociological research
Researchers will often combine several research methods in their work
Should have many methodological tools
POSITIVISM
French Philosopher August Comte (1798 1857)
Believed that the objective scientific methods used to study the natural sciences could be applied to the social sciences
I essee, Cote iplied that eseahes didt hae iases o the asis of gede, age, o ethiit
Stressed objectivity
INSIDER VS. OUTSIDER PERSPECTIVE
Believed that the objective outsider perspective would produce the best research
Critical sociology stresses the unique role of the insider perspective
Subject being studied provides information that comes from his/her subjective experience
DOING REFLECXIVE SOCIOLOGY
Complete objectivity is impossible whenever one human being is studying another
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