[SA 150] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (55 pages long)

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SFU
SA 150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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LECTURE 2 Sept19
- Robert park (1864-1944) [american]
- Member of the “chicago school” of sociology
- Thought of the city as a laboratory
- Famous work: The City
- Studied with Simmel in Germany
- Worked with booker T. Washington at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
- W.E.B Dubois [american]
- Black american sociologist of race economics, culture
- famous work: The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
- Started one of the first sociology programs in the USA at Atlanta University
- Feminist theory
- Feminist theory addresses issues of systematic discrimination against women
- UNI of toronto
- Strong tradition of political economy: an interdisciplinary approach involving
sociology, political science, economics, law, anthropology, and history
- Political economy looks at the relationships between politics
Sociology at Simon Fraser University
- SFU opened in 1965
- Initially politics, sociology and anthropology and were all together
- Tom bottomore was the chair, left for sussex 1967
- 1972 the department split into 2 separate departments: political science
- Sociology and anthropology
- Internationally renowned amongst his colleagues as one of Britain's best sociologist and
had edited acclaimed translation of karl marx's early writings
Research Methodology
- The system of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular question
- Big discipline with researchers taking a variety of approaches
Doing Sociology
- Combine few methods , gather different levels of data
- Be a swiss army knife, not a hammer (know how to use various ones- have many
methodological tools)
- If you are rigid in your methods, will attempt to solve every problem in the same way
Positivism
- Auguste comte ( 1798-1857)
- Called social physics
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- Believed that the objective scientific methods used to study the natural sciences could
be applied to the social sciences
- The outsider was an expert
- Implied that researches were not bias
Insider vs outsider perspective
- Believed that favouring the objective outsider perspective would produce the best
research
- Critical sociology stresses the unique role of the insider perspective
- Insider perspective, the subject being studied provides info that comes form his or her
subjective experience
- Insider is best
Dorothy Smith
- Remember standpoint theory
- Social characteristics such as gender race ethnicity and sexual orientation will condition
both the question a sociologist asks and the answer will receive
Michael Foucault
- In foucault works on sexuality, prison, and madness, he showed how experts were given
the privileged position on determining which parts of subjects’ accounts of their
experiences were true or false
- Power-knowledge: power produces knowledge and the fields in which knowledge is
exercised
Practice reflexive sociology
- Complete objectivity is impossible whenever one human being is studying another
- Think of yourself as a researcher and your position in the field. Be honest about who you
are and your relationship to the folks you are studying
Qualitative/Quantitative
- Qualitative research: the close examination of characteristics that cannot be counted or
measured
- Quantitative research: the close examination of social elements that can be counted or
measured, and therefore used to generate statistics
- Both researchers are often at odds
- Quantitative folks often dismiss qualitative folks as being too subjective, of having
literary ambitions of not being scientific enough
- Qualitative folks often dismiss quantitative folks as being number crunchers who
have lost sight or real experience or of what Mills called “the tang and the feel” of
social experience
Qualitative Methods:
- Ethnography: a research method in which groups are studied through field work
- *Involves direct observation (have to see it, long period of time)*
- Attempts to study the entirety of a culture, whereas the case study approach focuses on
individual cases
- Methods used to gather information can include:
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Document Summary

Member of the chicago school of sociology. Thought of the city as a laboratory. Worked with booker t. washington at the tuskegee institute in alabama. Black american sociologist of race economics, culture. Started one of the first sociology programs in the usa at atlanta university famous work: the souls of black folk (1903) Feminist theory addresses issues of systematic discrimination against women. Strong tradition of political economy: an interdisciplinary approach involving sociology, political science, economics, law, anthropology, and history. Political economy looks at the relationships between politics. Initially politics, sociology and anthropology and were all together. Tom bottomore was the chair, left for sussex 1967. 1972 the department split into 2 separate departments: political science. Internationally renowned amongst his colleagues as one of britain"s best sociologist and had edited acclaimed translation of karl marx"s early writings. The system of methods a researcher uses to gather data on a particular question. Big discipline with researchers taking a variety of approaches.

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