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SA 150 - Ann Travers - Midterm I Study Guide

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Simon Fraser University
Sociology and Anthropology
SA 150
Ann Travers

SA 150 - Sociology Study Guide - Midterm I Chapter 1: Sociology Intro Term Definition Sociology Systematic study of human society At the heart = sociological perspective (imagination) Problematize the everyday world make the implicit explicit see the strange in the familiar tease out underlying aspects of culture Sociological Perspective Seeing the general in the particular Peter berger called the Sociological Imagination by C Wright Mills Identify general things in individuals ppl are different and each unique but each category of society acts different category shapes life HOW SOCIETY AND THE INDIVIDUAL CONNECT Helps you understand society and your own life brings ppl together Social integration High social tie (poor but happy) = low suicide Individualistic (rich) = high suicide Global Perspective Study of the world and where your society places itself Extension of the sociological perspective How do love, high, and middle income countries contribute to the world? Enclosure movement Fenced farmland off to make grazing area for sheep Social Change and Sociology (4) 1) New Industrial economy Work shifted from HOME to large anon labour forces (18th century) due to new inventions weakened traditions that guided community life for generations 2) City growth Enclosure movement wool used for textiles less farmland forced ppl to move into cities increase city size = increased social problems like pollution, crime and homelessness 3) Pokitical change From GODS WILL and the MONARCH to FUCK YEAH I CAN HAVE MY OWN VIEW AND IDEAS 4) A new awareness of society Stages of historical Development (3) 1. Tehological stage: beginning of (Comte) human history GODS WILL + RELIGION 2. Metaphysical stage: Renaissance 15th century - Society = natural not supernatural 3. Scientific Stage: Began with work of scientists Structural Functionalism Theoretical approach, society is a complex organism Emilie Durkheim Society = organism Individuals = subjects Parts of society work together to promote solidarity and stability hate change, its only okay if its gradual if a structure doesnt have a function it'll fade away look for harmony Includes: SOCIAL STRUCTURE, SOCIAL FUNCTION, MANIFEST AND LANTENT FUNCTIONS + SOCIAL DYSFUNCTION Macro Level Social Structure Stable pattern of social behaviour Structural functionalism shapes lives rules things ppl keep doing over time Rules that keep things in order Ex: traffic, gov, school, prision Social Functions Consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole good or bad Structural Functionalism manifest and latent Manifest Function Social Function - Recognized and intended consequence of a social pattern Intended function must be on par with latent function Ex: high ways are supposed to get ppl to where they want to go Lantent Function Social Function - unrecognized and unintended consequences of a social pattern less obvious Structural Functionalism Ex: highways keeps the population spread out it makes sure some ppl live out of the city thus keeping things less cramped Social Dysfunction A social pattern that may disrupt a societies operation Structural Functionalism an action that may disrupt operation Social Conflict Approach Sociological Approach - Society is filled with inequality and it generates conflict and change love change inequality ==> conflict ==> change believe ppl at the top work to keep it that way Karl Marx Society = Areana Individuals = agents society is organized to benefit some and harm others Includes gender and race confice approach Macro Level Symbolic Interaction Approach Sociological Approach - society is a product of everyday interactions between individuals Society is a shared reality
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