SA 150 MT 2 Study Guide - Ann Travers

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Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SA 150
Professor
Ann Travers
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10 Social Stratification Term Definition Social Stratification How a society ranks categories of ppl in a hierarchy 4 principles A system + lives shaped by it 1) social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences o Not cause of personal talent or effort o Society STRUCTURES who gets what (rewards) structural functionalism 2) social stratification carries over from gen to gen o Social mobility 3) social stratification is universal but variable o What is unequal and how unequal it is varies 4) social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well o Explanation of why ppl should b unequal differs o Justifies inequality Social Mobility Change in position with in social hierarchy Up or down Usually in high income countries ED: down = break a law Caste System Social stratification based on ASCRIPTION or BIRTH Birth determines future Little or no social mobility based on individual effort Closed system Agricultural societies Cant afford education Life long process - productivity EX: born in a farming family stay a farmer + must marry a farmer OR Indian CASTE system (see text) Class system Social stratification based on birth, merit and individual achievement Blurred distinctions Individuality + education More freedom + merit Social mobility is possible Productivity + efficiency Industrialized societies EX: Canada (partially class system) Education = key to social mobility Meritocracy Social stratification based on personal merit Knowledge, ability, and effort Blur social categories on going social mobility Weakens families and social groups Functions of Social Stratification Structural functionalism: Davis Moor Thesis Social Conflict Symbolic Interaction: social economic status Davis-Moore Thesis Social stratification has BENEFICIAL CONSEQUENCES for the operation of society Forms of social stratification found in every society thus must serve a function * greater the function f a position = greater reward * promotes productivity and efficiency *unequal rewards makes ppl want to fill most important jobs o Require exceptional abilities lots of training and hard work o EX: brain surgeons why would anyone want to spend shit tons of time and money going to school when you can get the same amount of dough by being a janitor... Structural functionalism Must be based on MERIT o Most talented will rise o Meritocracy Social conflict theory and social stratification Stratification benefits the dominant group Hurts the marginalized Stratification produces conflict Social conflict generates change o Marginalized work for change o Powerful work to keep power EX: labour history WORKERS VS. CAPITALISTS Inequality and different positions creates conflict and change Social economic status (Max Weber) 3 components of social stratification 1) Class (economic inequality) 2) Status (social prestige) 3) Power Ranking based on various dimensions of sicoal inequality Many dimensions of ranking Not rigid classes EX: factory owners dont earn much but they have prestige and power Chapter 11: Social Class in Canada - Common sense - Just classes in Canada working, lower, middle, and upper - splits up into upper, middle and lower for middle and upper class Who do we blame for poverty? Society The Poor Society is responsible for poverty The poor are responsible for their own poverty Ppl are largely responsible for their own William Ryan (1976) social standing Society to blame because: Society offers many opportunities - distribution of resources = disproportionate Poor = Fewer skills, less schooling, and lower To Fix: Re evaluate polices motivation Undeserving Socialized in culture of poverty Children come to believe there is little point in wanting/ trying to get better a better life Cycle of poverty Live in the moment (YOLO)
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