Test 2 Study Guide
Different Types of Crime
Report Sensitive Crimes – Crimes that are sensitive to victims. If the victim does
not report it, then police wouldn’t know about it
Policing-Sensitive Crimes – Crimes sensitive to law enforcement. Ex, drug crimes
investigated by police
Definition-Sensitive Crimes – Crimes sensitive to legislative activity. Ex, gambling
has progressively been decriminalized due to loosening of the sanctions around it
Media-Sensitive Crimes – Crime that is sensitive to media attention. Youth is often
a public concern and often makes the news
Instrumental Crimes – Illegal activities reported by those unable to obtain desired
goods through conventional means. Theft, sale of narcotics, etc
Expressive Crimes – Illegal activities that have no purpose except to accomplish
the behavior at hand. Ex, shooting someone during an argument
Aging out – Process of individuals reduce the frequency of offending as they age
Same as Distance
Gender and Crime
- Women are more likely to be victimized in certain crimes such as sexual assault.
Women also often know the perpetrator 40% of the time.
- Men are more likely to be victimized by a stranger.
Masculinity Hypothesis – The theory that women who commit crimes have