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ANTH 304 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Trust Law, Opencable Application Platform, Karyotype


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 304
Professor
All
Study Guide
Final

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ANTH 304

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Sept 12, 2017
Principles and Methods of Field Work
Research Methodology is:
A process
A sequence of activities
3 key phases
Phase 1- Selecting the problem
Selecting a problem- what is the research objective (narrow and clarify)
Define the variables and ways to measure them
Choose research design
Choose sample population
Phase 2- data collection
Ethical responsibilities ( Do No Harm)
Secure research ethics approval
Informed consent
Data storage
Phase 3- Analysis
Analysis & interpretation
Writing reports
Creating documentaries
Knowledge mobilization & translation activities
Knowledge
Is a product of social processes
If a state of knowledge is inadequate in a particular area funding bodies (name some)
ask for proposals to conduct research and select the most relevant & deserving of
support
Researchers produce findings
New knowledge gets applied (or not)
How do we answer our questions?
Consult an authority
Who do you consult? Why?
What are the factors influencing authoritative knowledge
What do you do if you trusted authorities disagree?
In research
We must evaluate the opinion of authorities
We need to review their research process
We need to study our research process
Can we validate our research?
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Research as a discipline
Require:
Discipline
CLear thinking ( thinking it through)
Careful observation
Honesty & accuracy (strive for objectivity) increases reliability
Record-keeping = show your work
Assess Limitation
Asking the right questions
What does it take to achieve world peace?
Think of how to move this global question into researchable questions
Understand what peace is, and understand what the community thinks
Researchable questions
2 basic properties:
1) They are limited in scope, narrowed in focus, confined to certain times, places & sets of
conditions
2) Identify some observable, tangible, gatherable evidence
Empirical & Nonempirical
Empirical:
What are we looking for?
FInding patterns
Understanding how people think and act
Diversity
How people make decisions
Context of social and cultural life.
Great Research Methods Debates
Ongoing
Positivism vs empiricism
Objectivity vs subjectivity
Inductive vs deductive
Exploratory vs confirmatory
Positivist VIew
External reality awaits our discovery through approximations to the truth
All knowledge of fact is based on the positive data of experience
Seeing is believing
Causal explanations
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