Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
Trent (600)
PHIL (20)
Midterm

PHIL 1100H Midterm: Midterm completed review


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1100H
Professor
Norlock Kathryn
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
PHIL 1100
Midterm Review
Completed
Key Concepts
Divine Command
Proposes that an action’s status as morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded
by God
Theory of Natural Law rahum
Says certain rights are inherent by virtue of human nature and can be understood
universally through human reason
Refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature to deduce binding rules of moral
behaviour
Anthropocentricism
Regarding humankind as the central or most important element of existence, especially to
God or animals
Ethical Egoism
Moral people ought to do what is in their own self interest
Different from psychological egoism: people can only act in their self interest
Cultural Relativism
Related to the argument that ethical assumes we know our self interest
Principle of regarding the beliefs, values, and practices of a culture from the viewpoint of
that culture itself
Dogmatism
The tendency to lay down principles as undeniably true without consideration of evidence
of the opinions of others
Soul
The incorporeal essence of a living being
Happiness
Aristotle
o Consists of virtues and external goods
o Is valuable in itself
o It is the thing for which you do all other things
Includes being blessed
Presumes some good luck or fortune
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Pleasure
A feeling of happy satisfaction and enjoyment
The highest good
Virtue
What we do
Choice worthy in and of itself on purpose
Capital V is praiseworthy
How someone with rationality [a capacity] gets to happiness [a goal]
Lower case v are imperfect duties
o Does not tell you what to do on every occasion ex./ truth telling, friendliness
Vice
Immoral behaviour or personal characteristic
Rationality
The function of a human
The capacity distinctive to what we can do
Bravery
Courageous behaviour or character
Temperance
Moderation in action, thought, or feeling
Restraint
Generosity
The virtue of not being tied down by concerns about one’s possessions
Provide help to others by giving them something without thinking twice
Magnificence
Large giving
Grand gesture
Honour-Loving [Pride]
A feeling of deep pleasure or satisfaction from one’s achievements
Mildness [Good Temper]
The feelings you are supposed to have when others do wrong
Truth-Telling [Self-Perception]
People determine their preferences by interpreting the meaning of their own behaviour
Wit
Mental sharpness and inventiveness to create humour
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Friendliness
The quality of being kind a pleasant towards others
Shame
A quasi-virtue
Feeling of distress by the consciousness of wrong or fooling behaviour
The function of a human being
Aristotle
o To cultivate virtues proper to one’s soul
Misfortune/ Bad Circumstances
An unfortunate condition or event
Bad luck
Ruling Faculty/ Ruling Principle
For stoics, it is the part of the mind that responds to reason
Nature
The basic or inherent features of something
Death
The end of a life of a person or organism
Aristotle thought it was terrifying
Epictetus thought there was nothing to fear of it
Control
The power to influence or direct people’s behaviour or the course of events
Habituation
Becoming accustomed or used to something
The Combat
The struggle between events
Excess/ Deficiency
Exceeding a desirable amount
A lack of something
Pain
Physical or mental suffering caused by illness, injury, or event
Luck
Success or failure brought upon by chance rather than through one’s own actions
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version