AGST 1000 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Seal Hunting, Plough, Horse Collar

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Published on 12 Oct 2012
School
UofL
Department
Agricultural Studies
Course
AGST 1000
Ag studies Midterm #1
Lecture: Emergence in Agriculture (One of the following) (/15)
1. Which 'founder crops' and which animals were domesticated where?
Eastern US: Sunflower, Goosefoot
Mesoamerica: Corn, Beans, Squash, Turkey
The Andes: Potatoes, Manioc
China: Millet, Rice, Pig
Fertile Crescent: Wheat Barley, Sheep, Goat, Cattle
Sahel: Sorghum, Rice, Cattle
Ethiopia: Cotton, Tef
Tropical West Africa: yams, oil Palm
New Guinea, Taro, Banana
2. Which characteristics were necessary in animals in order for them to be
useful for herders and farmers?
Efficient conversion of food to biomass, not too picky on plant selection.
Fast growth rate.
Mating habits.
Can't have a dangerous or unpredictable deposition.
Can't be too easy to panic in the event of a predator invading.
Social structure- herds were easier to catch then solitary animals.
3. Explain how “East-West” spread of food production is encouraged, and why
the “North-South” spread of food production is more difficult?
East-West is encouraged because:
o Same latitude
o Same deceases (rainfall, temp)
o Same growth condition and plant evolution
North-south is difficult:
o Temperature ranges
o Rainfall varies
o Seasonality changes more abrupt
o Growing hours change.
4. Describe transition from Hunter-Gatherers to Farmer
Food producers before they became sedentary
o Seasonal camps became permanent when storage was encouraged
Sedentary food producers
o Lived at same place while land remained productive
Technological advancements made the land more productive
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5. What does “domestication of plants” mean? Use on crop and explain how it
was changed and which characteristics were changed.
Growing a plant and thereby, consciously or unconsciously causing it to
change genetically from its wild ancestor in ways of making it useful to
human consumers.
Wheat
o Chosen for certain characteristics, then bred for those characteristics
Standibility
Ability of kernel to stay in head- so it would not shell out
Plump seeds
Maturity date
All students have to answer the following question: (/25)
The following 2 diagrams show the factors influencing agriculture in a
subsistence farming society, and in a market economy. Based on these
diagrams:
a) Explain which factors influenced the development of agriculture in a
subsistence farming society, and how they interacted to determine the
area exploited for farming.
The environment
Population
Farming technique
Exploited area
Livestock
Manure
b) Describe the additional factors in influencing agricultural production in
a market economy and discuss how they influenced which commodities
were produced in W.Europe
Exploited
area
Enviornment
Livestock
Manure
Population
Farming
techniue
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Document Summary

Fertile crescent: wheat barley, sheep, goat, cattle. Efficient conversion of food to biomass, not too picky on plant selection. Can"t have a dangerous or unpredictable deposition. Can"t be too easy to panic in the event of a predator invading. East-west is encouraged because: same latitude, same deceases (rainfall, temp, same growth condition and plant evolution. North-south is difficult: temperature ranges, rainfall varies, seasonality changes more abrupt, growing hours change, describe transition from hunter-gatherers to farmer. Food producers before they became sedentary: seasonal camps became permanent when storage was encouraged. Sedentary food producers: lived at same place while land remained productive. Use on crop and explain how it was changed and which characteristics were changed. Growing a plant and thereby, consciously or unconsciously causing it to change genetically from its wild ancestor in ways of making it useful to human consumers. Wheat: chosen for certain characteristics, then bred for those characteristics.

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