AUHIS 251 Study Guide - Winter 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - President Of The United States, Soviet Union, George Washington

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AUHIS 251
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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US Constitution (1787-1789)
Came out of a successful revolution 1775
13 colonies, loosely connected, no real capital or central army, all had slaves
700,000 slaves; by the beg. Of the Civil War (1860), there were approx 4
million slaves
Native Americans were largely against the American revolution — were afraid
that the Americans would cut all the trees down and expand farms and sacrifice
the land
Creation of the Electoral College
Created 3 branches of government
Slavery debate —
Southerners wanted to keep slaves, even though 90% of them didn’t
even own slaves
If they freed the slaves, 600,000 people would be in search of
work
Northerners wanted to end it
◆ ⅗ rule —
A slave would be counted as of a human being
A way to count the slave population
George Washington
Slave owner
Very wealthy plantation owner
Punished Iroquois group during American Revolution
Would become first president
When he became president, he was allowed to bring a few slaves.
Ona Judge — one of his slaves — ran away to the North
Washington spent thousands of dollars to send slave catchers out to find
her, but she evaded them
Ben Franklin
Anti slavery
Thomas Jefferson
Prime writer of the Constitution
Slave owner
“All men are created equal” — men.
James Madison
Slave owner
Alex Hamilton
Never allowed to be president
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According to Constitution, president must be born in the US — Hamilton
born in West Indies
John Adams
Anti slavery
Abraham Lincoln — November 1860 (election)
Republican Party
Strictly Northern party
Anti slavery party
Did not believe the black race was capable or that whites and blacks could ever
coexist
Wanted to start a program to ship blacks back to Africa
Was the great emancipator
Southerners didn’t think they could trust him because he didn’t support slavery
Lincoln got elected (won by electoral college) — he only had 39% of the votes,
but the democratic party split on the issue of slavery, so Lincoln had the most
votes
He won 0% of the votes in the south; wasn’t even on the ballot in many
deep southern states
Instead of coming together, the democratic party cleaved due to their
disagreements on slavery
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