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Mark Simpson

POEM ANALYSIS AND NOTES Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers  Written by Felicia Hemans 1793-1835  English poet with wide popular appeal  Significant contribution to the discourses of sentimentality (feel towards, feel certain emotions, feeling moved by) and domesticity (hometown, local, home itself) prevalent on either side of the Atlandtic this period  Romanticism – a move towards expressiveness / feeling / fascination questions of nature and spiritual nature. Culture energy  Separate spheres – public vs. private  -> the rise of industrialization changes the way human beings do work and socialize. Public – gendered male, private – gendered female.  “angel of the hearth” –  American  Pilgrim - a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons)  2 types of colonies  period is 1630  feel persecuted for their religious beliefs (people being made fun of or abused bywhat they believe in )  dramatic landscape – gothic (stormy night, dark, etc) romantic (feelings expressed and dramatic effects)  what claim ? – religious freedom  The Pilgrims are not coming to conquer or fame, they are true hearted. They are not running away from anything. They are not sneaking around. Running away from religios persecution, but in a certain way. They bring lofty cheer even though they are coming as exiles.  “the anthem of the free” -> revolution for freedom of tierny. Here, its foreshadowing national moment ^ establishes ancestors  Eagle -> symbol of freedom in America.  Why wither? How is it significant to the poem?  grave/roots/shrivel/plant/nature. Come here and die. Placed their roots down literally with their bodies. The shrine is the land, specifically the gravesite.  “Look now abroad” -> is a command. Don’t know who commands it, but maybe same voice throughout the poem? we’re asked to look abroad.  ‘Another RACE….” What race? Maybe the Europeans. The other race (maybe doing the speaking)  what is the practice of an epigraph do? -> context or other perspective, epigraph has relationship to poem itself.  There are native americna graves  Graves could be result from struggle between eurpeans colonists and American natives.  Graves – inheritance  Land turns into agricultural land  Summary : during a stormy night, the pilgrims came to New England upon a ship. Not to conquer , but be true-hearted. They came to run away from their Euopean homeland which persecuted their religion beliefs. They came to New England in silence and fear, but bring lofty cheer to the Americans and to be free! (singing freedom anthem). (soaring eagle represents freedom in America). This new place was their welcome home (freedom from religious persecution) , this new home allows them true freedom which is why the fled. They didn’t come for jewels, or wealth, they came for faith of shrine. They came for the natural beauty and freedom in America unlike Eirope (their homeland). They call it holy ground, for they have FREEDOM. to worship god. The Runaway Slave At Pilgrim’s Point  1846  written by Elisabeth Barrett Browning  most celebrated poet in Victorian period  poetry takes up discourses of sentimentality and domesticity – but with a more proving critical perspective  devoted to many mid-century causes in social justice, and Italian struggle for independence and abolition of slavery in US  slavery – is an instutionalized practice at least two centureies before this is published and is a widespread practice in British colonies through and to the end of 18 century. The transatlancitc slave trade had been outlawed in 1846 ish) so that no longer is there the network of slave capture and slave transporter.  Africans were shipped to North America as slaves Blacks becme slaves in the American colonies in 1600’s . Most of them worked in mines and plantatstion, many as servants. Majority of people thought slavery was acceptable. They could not marry, own property, have a famil,y testify in court. Some slaves who had money could free themselves.  Struggle is quite fierce and gets worse in 1850 – fugitive slave law (law passed in US as national legialtion) that requires any citiien of the US to aid in the cause in returning and capturing slaves to their masters and returnring them to where they belong, their masters. This national law – makes everyone have to partipitate. – this slaves as for colored people. The blacks.  Really powerful slave insttitions in England as well.  Poem about ? – the injustice of slavery turns on its dehumanization of the people who are enslaved. It literally robs them of their basic conditions of humanity.  The slaves unfreedom that liscences the freedom of white people – the masters.  US as a space of freedom seems to be under a chial  Falls in love with fellow slave  Her lover gets murdered when they are separated as slaves  She gets raped by master, then has the master’s child  As soon as you have a restirive supply of labor…  laws vary states  slaves of mothers are still undfreed, even those there father’s could be master. From woman to child, remaind the same.  She then kills the child. – buried by mango tree  Connection between two poems -> GRAVE. Gives freedom through killing child,  Grave symbolizes the continuing o this process. Pilgrim grave symbols the inheritance of the new generation. Here the grave interreipts inheritance.  The grave is the space of haunting (she is haunted by the child )  Horrible outcome of history that supposedly procued freedom  Spiritual freedom in America (both poems) – everlasting freedom  She is Mocked by stars  song – baby joins her…………  poem is very gothic, and creeped out. Not inspirational. Supposed to be deepling unsettling to us.  Beginning of poem we are PRESENT,  Porbably in deep south of US.  Symbolic geography. Doesn’t make literal sense…mango trees?  Symbolic power of taking her to this palce where she can confront of herself and loser her life  How does she meet their arrival?  -> encounter with these people , and she wish upon them and joy and gift to each of their wives.” I hope each of your wives give birth to dead children. “ justification of her clear anger. Violent hate and anger towards the people that chased her.  She bears the marks where she was tied up in order to be whipped  Argument that the kind of violence that has be done to the slaves cant be turned around.  All that’s going to happen to slave owners, is that they are going to be crushed.  Results are downfall of slave owners  Why does she leave them curse free?  -> maybe because her heart is broke, but feels sustained for these people. They are not even worth cursing. She wont even give them in being cursed. Doesn’t want to ackoweldne their existene to that degree. Also, maybe she believes there will be some GREATER thing other than curses that wil result in even GREATER revenge/get back at.  Civil war starts in 1860. (fought over the slavery)  Slavery being abolished doesn’t wipe away the racism  The speaker faces two double standards as woman and specifically a black woman. She is expected to be a committed slave as well as a committed mother, both she refuses. In response, she runs away from her position as a slave, by running away to Pi
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