POEM ANALYSIS AND NOTES
Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers
Written by Felicia Hemans 1793-1835
English poet with wide popular appeal
Significant contribution to the discourses of sentimentality (feel towards, feel
certain emotions, feeling moved by) and domesticity (hometown, local, home
itself) prevalent on either side of the Atlandtic this period
Romanticism – a move towards expressiveness / feeling / fascination
questions of nature and spiritual nature. Culture energy
Separate spheres – public vs. private
-> the rise of industrialization changes the way human beings do work
and socialize. Public – gendered male, private – gendered female.
“angel of the hearth” –
Pilgrim - a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons)
2 types of colonies
period is 1630
feel persecuted for their religious beliefs (people being made fun of or
abused bywhat they believe in )
dramatic landscape – gothic (stormy night, dark, etc) romantic (feelings
expressed and dramatic effects)
what claim ? – religious freedom
The Pilgrims are not coming to conquer or fame, they are true hearted. They
are not running away from anything. They are not sneaking around. Running
away from religios persecution, but in a certain way. They bring lofty cheer
even though they are coming as exiles.
“the anthem of the free” -> revolution for freedom of tierny. Here, its
foreshadowing national moment ^ establishes ancestors
Eagle -> symbol of freedom in America.
Why wither? How is it significant to the poem?
grave/roots/shrivel/plant/nature. Come here and die. Placed their roots
down literally with their bodies. The shrine is the land, specifically the
“Look now abroad” -> is a command. Don’t know who commands it, but
maybe same voice throughout the poem? we’re asked to look abroad.
‘Another RACE….” What race? Maybe the Europeans. The other race (maybe
doing the speaking)
what is the practice of an epigraph do? -> context or other perspective,
epigraph has relationship to poem itself.
There are native americna graves
Graves could be result from struggle between eurpeans colonists and
American natives. Graves – inheritance
Land turns into agricultural land
Summary : during a stormy night, the pilgrims came to New England upon a
ship. Not to conquer , but be true-hearted. They came to run away from their
Euopean homeland which persecuted their religion beliefs. They came to
New England in silence and fear, but bring lofty cheer to the Americans and
to be free! (singing freedom anthem). (soaring eagle represents freedom
in America). This new place was their welcome home (freedom from
religious persecution) , this new home allows them true freedom which is
why the fled. They didn’t come for jewels, or wealth, they came for faith of
shrine. They came for the natural beauty and freedom in America unlike
Eirope (their homeland). They call it holy ground, for they have FREEDOM.
to worship god.
The Runaway Slave At Pilgrim’s Point
written by Elisabeth Barrett Browning
most celebrated poet in Victorian period
poetry takes up discourses of sentimentality and domesticity – but with a
more proving critical perspective
devoted to many mid-century causes in social justice, and Italian struggle for
independence and abolition of slavery in US
slavery – is an instutionalized practice at least two centureies before this is
published and is a widespread practice in British colonies through and to the
end of 18 century. The transatlancitc slave trade had been outlawed in 1846
ish) so that no longer is there the network of slave capture and slave
Africans were shipped to North America as slaves Blacks becme slaves
in the American colonies in 1600’s . Most of them worked in mines and
plantatstion, many as servants. Majority of people thought slavery was
acceptable. They could not marry, own property, have a famil,y testify
in court. Some slaves who had money could free themselves.
Struggle is quite fierce and gets worse in 1850 – fugitive slave law (law
passed in US as national legialtion) that requires any citiien of the US to
aid in the cause in returning and capturing slaves to their masters and
returnring them to where they belong, their masters. This national law
– makes everyone have to partipitate. – this slaves as for colored
people. The blacks.
Really powerful slave insttitions in England as well.
Poem about ? – the injustice of slavery turns on its dehumanization of the
people who are enslaved. It literally robs them of their basic conditions of
The slaves unfreedom that liscences the freedom of white people – the
masters. US as a space of freedom seems to be under a chial
Falls in love with fellow slave
Her lover gets murdered when they are separated as slaves
She gets raped by master, then has the master’s child
As soon as you have a restirive supply of labor…
laws vary states
slaves of mothers are still undfreed, even those there father’s could be
master. From woman to child, remaind the same.
She then kills the child. – buried by mango tree
Connection between two poems -> GRAVE. Gives freedom through killing
Grave symbolizes the continuing o this process. Pilgrim grave symbols
the inheritance of the new generation. Here the grave interreipts
The grave is the space of haunting (she is haunted by the child )
Horrible outcome of history that supposedly procued freedom
Spiritual freedom in America (both poems) – everlasting freedom
She is Mocked by stars
song – baby joins her…………
poem is very gothic, and creeped out. Not inspirational. Supposed to be
deepling unsettling to us.
Beginning of poem we are PRESENT,
Porbably in deep south of US.
Symbolic geography. Doesn’t make literal sense…mango trees?
Symbolic power of taking her to this palce where she can confront of herself
and loser her life
How does she meet their arrival?
-> encounter with these people , and she wish upon them and joy and gift to
each of their wives.” I hope each of your wives give birth to dead children. “
justification of her clear anger. Violent hate and anger towards the people
that chased her.
She bears the marks where she was tied up in order to be whipped
Argument that the kind of violence that has be done to the slaves cant be
All that’s going to happen to slave owners, is that they are going to be
Results are downfall of slave owners
Why does she leave them curse free?
-> maybe because her heart is broke, but feels sustained for these people.
They are not even worth cursing. She wont even give them in being cursed.
Doesn’t want to ackoweldne their existene to that degree. Also, maybe she
believes there will be some GREATER thing other than curses that wil result
in even GREATER revenge/get back at.
Civil war starts in 1860. (fought over the slavery) Slavery being abolished doesn’t wipe away the racism
The speaker faces two double standards as woman and specifically a black
woman. She is expected to be a committed slave as well as a committed
mother, both she refuses. In response, she runs away from her position as a
slave, by running away to Pi