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HE ED 110 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Canada, Major Depressive Disorder, Cardiovascular Disease


Department
Health Education
Course Code
HE ED110
Professor
Paul Nya
Study Guide
Midterm

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HE ED 110
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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HE ED 110: Introduction to Personal Health and Well-being
Chapter 1
1. Compare and contrast the definitions of health and wellness
2. Describe the dimensions of wellness
3. Identify major health problems in Canada today
4. Describe the influence of gender, ethnicity, income, disability, family history, and
environment on health
Defining Health
Health is the overall condition of the body or mind and the presence or absence of
illness or injury
Wellness: The New Health Goal
Wellness is optimal health and vitality, encompassing all the dimensions of well-being
Six dimensions of wellness
A first year university student sets the following goals for herself:
To manage her time to do all of her readings for classes each week
To exercise every day
To clean up garbage and plant trees in blighted neighbourhoods in her community
These goals may differ, but they have one thing in common: Each contributes, in its own
way, to this student's health and well-being. Not satisfied merely to be free of illness,
she wants more. She has decided to live actively and fully—not just to be healthy, but to
pursue a state of overall wellness.
Prevention:
The Key to Future Health
Improving your health
Social Determinants of Health
Social determinants of health are the factors which can influence the health of
individuals or groups
“The primary factors that shape the health of Canadians are not medical treatments or
lifestyle choices but rather the living conditions they experience.”
Social Determinants of Health Cont’d
Income and income distribution
Predisposes people to material and social deprivation
Age of death, incidence of chronic disease, and suicides rates in favor of wealthy
Education
Better access to societal and economic resources
Increases literacy and understanding of how one can promote one’s health
Higher education, better health
Employment and working conditions
Imbalance between demands and rewards and/or control can lead to health problems
Social Determinants of Health Cont’d
Unemployment and job security
Associated with physical and mental health problems
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Material and social deprivation, psychological stress, and the adoption of health-threatening
coping behaviours
Early childhood development
Strong immediate and longer lasting biological, psychological and social effects upon health
Food insecurity
Uncertainty as to whether one will be able to acquire food in socially acceptable ways
Can lead to dietary deficiencies which increases likelihood of chronic disease and difficulties in
managing these diseases
Social Determinants of Health Cont’d
Housing
Experience very different material environments depending on housing quality
Social exclusion
Being denied opportunity to participate in Canadian life
Less access to health and social services, and means to further education
Gender
In Canada, women experience more adverse social determinants of health than men.
Women live longer than men, but have more episodes of long-term disability and chronic
disease than men
Social Determinants of Health Cont’d
Social safety network
A range of benefits, programs, and supports that protect citizens during various
life changes that can effect their health
E.g., having and raising children, attaining education and employment training,
seeking housing, reaching retirement
Aboriginal status
Colonization history has resulted in adverse social determinants of health and
health outcomes
Lower income, lower education, greater food insecurity, lower life expectancy,
high rates of depression
Race
Higher unemployment and under-employment rates, and lower incomes
Social Determinants of Health Cont’d
Health services
A social determinant and a basic human right
Canadian Health Act requires provinces to provide all ‘medically necessary’ services on a
universal basis
Disability
Is often seen in medical rather than social terms
Primary issue is whether society is willing to provide persons with disabilities with supports and
opportunities necessary to participate in Canadian life
Lower income, greater unemployment and under-employment
When we talk about health issues for diverse populations we run into the danger of
stereotyping. Every person is individual with unique genetic endowment and life
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