Compare/contrast + What does each of the two pairs of primary source tell us about the
history between China and the West?
• WHAT IS THE TRUE CHINA?
o Yutang includes an introduction from Pearl S. Buck, who states that a book worthy of
China’s history must be truthful and unashamed of the past, yet she is an American
and Yutang writes the book characterizing China as exotic and supernatural vitality
§ Supposedly writing on China as his country and his people
o Contrasted with the “When China learned to say No”, the book caused an uproar
because it is honest and crude and not constrained by the desire to “maintain an
image” as Yutang did when writing for the West to read about China
• CHINESE NATIONALISM AND FEELINGS
o China is now “the most chaotic, the most misruled nation on Earth” according to
the West (pg. 4) [Most pathetic and helpless
§ League of Nations, a Western established organization, cannot help her
fight her own civil wars (China is on her own)
o China does not care about her current state – apathetic (pg. 4)
§ China’s destiny is to merely exist (pg. 5)
§ Amazing that she is still surviving even after Rome and Greece
o Chinese who speak English too well and develop Western mental habits are
denationalized (Yutang, 8)
o Stir up nationalist feelings (compared to when China was just apathetic) (2)
o NO to the mentality of inferiority
§ Can China become a first-class nation (Yutang, 4) or is she destined to
be Mother Earth’s miscarriage?
o What is nationalism?
§ West: Nationalism is a cultural instinct (5)
§ China: Nationalism is a defense
o Yutang (11): Chinese and Western people have been thrown together because of
gold and pity not for humanity but for that much gold
§ No cooperation between Chinese and Englishmen (pg. 11)
• Westerners only here because for gold and success, not because of
humanity and pity for the Chinese state (taking advantage)