HGP final notes
Just the rest of the lectures TBH
Matt Dance Lecture
What is place and it’s 3 dimensions?
- Observable activities that occur in relation to the location
- Meanings that are created by a person in that location
- Physical feature that comprise the location’s concrete or tangible attributes
What’s a GIS?
- Geographic information system that integrates hardware, software, data for capturing
managing, analyzing and displaying forms of geographically referenced information
How did PPGIS work in the earlier years?
- PPGIS = public participation GIS technology that is used to make different types of
- Practice where GIS was used in support of public participation and GIS technology
- Top down approach: according to SIEBER, there was not much collaboration and not
really open to the public on mapping systems
- Concerned with problems defined by authorities and stakeholders are to be mined for
What is the geoweb?
- Location based data and Abstract info from the Internet mashed together
What are some examples of Open Mapping data?
What is ESRI?
- Environmental Systems Research Institute
- Supplier of GIS software
What is OSM and two forces driving the growth of it?
- A collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world.
- Past restrictions on mapping and the advent of inexpensive GPS devices
What are some examples of free open source software (FOSS), besides OSM?
- Google Map maker
- Dot maps
What is Culture? - A relative way of life, values, beliefs, symbols
- Is CREATED and TRANSMITTED
- It is also learned behavior that is passed on by imitation, instruction and example
What is the harshest punishment in history?
- Banishment in “primitive” cultures
How do we get to know our culture more?
- Leaping out and experiencing other cultures. You can’t really recognize your own
culture without doing so
What is contested culture and what can it lead to?
- Forms of social control and oppression by those that are subordinated
- Occasional shifts in cultural norms
What are artifacts?
- Technological elements connected to livelihood
What are sociofacts?
- Non material norms that people have to observe, interpersonal relations
What are mentifacts?
- symbols or belief systems (religion, language)
How does something like a corset relate to the 3 facts?
- Corset was the actual artifact, sociofact was that women were delicate and they
couldn’t do sports and move around. Mentifact was that women with larger waists
were seen as unfeminine and lazy.
Why do geographers study culture and some examples of aspects?
- It leaves dramatic imprints on earth, both physical and cultural.
- Language: Crystal ball into culture
- Religion: Strong determination of ethics
- Ethnicity: Perceived distinctiveness
- Nationality: National groups/nation states
- Class: Marxism, political ecology
Why is language important?
- It can’t be separated from culture and it’s the primary way we socialize with
members. A death of a language is essentially considered to be the death of a culture.
How does the natural environment link with culture?
- Environment can change due to a culture and culture “imprints” onto the land What are the branches of cultural geography?
- Traditional: Landscape defined the unit of geographical study. Cultures and societies
developed out of their landscapes and shaped them as well. People who focused on
this notion studied human intervention on material culture upon land
- New cultural – response to the positivistic nature of “traditional” C.G. and focused on
non-material culture (identity, ideology, power, values) and originates from the UK
What is culture shock?
- Personal disorientation that a person may feel when experiencing an unfamiliar way
- Reverse culture shock is returning back to original culture.
What is Acculturation?
- changes that result when two cultures meet together.
- Initially, it was conceptualized as a one-dimensional model that focused on the
migrant only, and the migrant could only hold one culture at a time. Now it’s a bi-
What are the aspects of Berry’s Model?
- Assimilation – absorption into a new culture (Acadians)
- Integration – Retention of new culture and inclusion into new culture (Indo-
- Separation – Avoid interacting with new culture and keep new culture (Amish)
- Marginalization – Little possibility for retention of original cultural maintenance and
little interest in having relations with others
How does Barry’s model relate to the several aspects of larger society?
- Multiculturalism – integration
- Melting pot – assimilation
- Segregation – separation
- Exclusion - marginalization
What is xenophobia?
- Fear of foreigners
What are some ways of grouping language together?
- Language Family – Languages have a common prehistoric origin (example: Indo-
- Language Branch – Same origin but split into different languages (Romance,
- Language group – Several languages part of one branch (Spanish, Portuguese,
Catalan, Romanian) What is an isolate language and example of an isolate language?
- No known relationship with any other language
- Basque – very old language that was preserved by geographic isolation
What is the largest language family?
- Indo-European (2.4 billion people)
What is the largest language?
- Mandarin (1.3 billion)
What was the OQLF set up for?
- set up in 1961, it was meant to “align on international French, promote good
Canadianisms and fight anglicisms”
- Essentially show that French is best
- Quebec citizens can file complaints if they feel that they’re not being served and
informed in French.
What is Francization?
- Cultural assimilation into French.
What’s a dialect?
- Regional variations from standard language
What is the newest Indo-European language?
What were some effects of the crazy Quebec Language Laws?
- Since 1977 the number of English speakers decreased from 14 to 6.7%
- 94% of the population understands French
What are some examples of separatist movements regarding language?
- Tamil in Sri Lanka
- Quebec language police
What is a Lingua Franca?
- A “working language” that is meant to bridge people that do not share a mother
What is a pidgin?
- an Amalgamation of languages that