HGP final (rest of) notes

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Human Geography and Planning
Kurtis Borth

HGP final notes Just the rest of the lectures TBH Matt Dance Lecture What is place and it’s 3 dimensions? - Observable activities that occur in relation to the location - Meanings that are created by a person in that location - Physical feature that comprise the location’s concrete or tangible attributes What’s a GIS? - Geographic information system that integrates hardware, software, data for capturing managing, analyzing and displaying forms of geographically referenced information How did PPGIS work in the earlier years? - PPGIS = public participation GIS technology that is used to make different types of technology. - Practice where GIS was used in support of public participation and GIS technology - Top down approach: according to SIEBER, there was not much collaboration and not really open to the public on mapping systems - Concerned with problems defined by authorities and stakeholders are to be mined for data What is the geoweb? - Location based data and Abstract info from the Internet mashed together What are some examples of Open Mapping data? - data.edmonton.ca - data.gc.ca What is ESRI? - Environmental Systems Research Institute - Supplier of GIS software What is OSM and two forces driving the growth of it? - A collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world. - Past restrictions on mapping and the advent of inexpensive GPS devices What are some examples of free open source software (FOSS), besides OSM? - Google Map maker - Planyourplace - Dot maps Nov 13 What is Culture? - A relative way of life, values, beliefs, symbols - Is CREATED and TRANSMITTED - It is also learned behavior that is passed on by imitation, instruction and example What is the harshest punishment in history? - Banishment in “primitive” cultures How do we get to know our culture more? - Leaping out and experiencing other cultures. You can’t really recognize your own culture without doing so What is contested culture and what can it lead to? - Forms of social control and oppression by those that are subordinated - Occasional shifts in cultural norms What are artifacts? - Technological elements connected to livelihood What are sociofacts? - Non material norms that people have to observe, interpersonal relations What are mentifacts? - symbols or belief systems (religion, language) How does something like a corset relate to the 3 facts? - Corset was the actual artifact, sociofact was that women were delicate and they couldn’t do sports and move around. Mentifact was that women with larger waists were seen as unfeminine and lazy. Why do geographers study culture and some examples of aspects? - It leaves dramatic imprints on earth, both physical and cultural. - Language: Crystal ball into culture - Religion: Strong determination of ethics - Ethnicity: Perceived distinctiveness - Nationality: National groups/nation states - Class: Marxism, political ecology - Gender - Community Why is language important? - It can’t be separated from culture and it’s the primary way we socialize with members. A death of a language is essentially considered to be the death of a culture. How does the natural environment link with culture? - Environment can change due to a culture and culture “imprints” onto the land What are the branches of cultural geography? - Traditional: Landscape defined the unit of geographical study. Cultures and societies developed out of their landscapes and shaped them as well. People who focused on this notion studied human intervention on material culture upon land (buildings/architectures) - New cultural – response to the positivistic nature of “traditional” C.G. and focused on non-material culture (identity, ideology, power, values) and originates from the UK What is culture shock? - Personal disorientation that a person may feel when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life. - Reverse culture shock is returning back to original culture. What is Acculturation? - changes that result when two cultures meet together. - Initially, it was conceptualized as a one-dimensional model that focused on the migrant only, and the migrant could only hold one culture at a time. Now it’s a bi- dimensional thing. What are the aspects of Berry’s Model? - Assimilation – absorption into a new culture (Acadians) - Integration – Retention of new culture and inclusion into new culture (Indo- Canadian) - Separation – Avoid interacting with new culture and keep new culture (Amish) - Marginalization – Little possibility for retention of original cultural maintenance and little interest in having relations with others How does Barry’s model relate to the several aspects of larger society? - Multiculturalism – integration - Melting pot – assimilation - Segregation – separation - Exclusion - marginalization What is xenophobia? - Fear of foreigners What are some ways of grouping language together? - Language Family – Languages have a common prehistoric origin (example: Indo- European) - Language Branch – Same origin but split into different languages (Romance, Germanic) - Language group – Several languages part of one branch (Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian) What is an isolate language and example of an isolate language? - No known relationship with any other language - Basque – very old language that was preserved by geographic isolation What is the largest language family? - Indo-European (2.4 billion people) What is the largest language? - Mandarin (1.3 billion) What was the OQLF set up for? - set up in 1961, it was meant to “align on international French, promote good Canadianisms and fight anglicisms” - Essentially show that French is best - Quebec citizens can file complaints if they feel that they’re not being served and informed in French. What is Francization? - Cultural assimilation into French. What’s a dialect? - Regional variations from standard language What is the newest Indo-European language? - Balto-Slavic What were some effects of the crazy Quebec Language Laws? - Since 1977 the number of English speakers decreased from 14 to 6.7% - 94% of the population understands French What are some examples of separatist movements regarding language? - Tamil in Sri Lanka - Quebec language police - Basque What is a Lingua Franca? - A “working language” that is meant to bridge people that do not share a mother tongue What is a pidgin? - an Amalgamation of languages that
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