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Final Exam Review Notes A summary of chapter 9 in the textbook, highlights of Romanticism, and Listening Test Notes with outlines and examples of elements used in each piece (with funny phrases that help you remember more about a particular composer or so

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Sandy Thorburn
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Music Textbook Final Exam Notes
Chapter 9
Early 19th century beginning of 20th century
2 parts Early & Mid-to-late
Favourite Instruments Piano & Violin
Romantic songs may either be strophic or through composed
Strophic the same melody is repeated for each stanza
Through composed different melody for each stanza
Key Trends of the 19th Century
Development of modern industry
Growth of democratic government and national pride
Increased emphasis on individual thoughts and feelings in the creative arts
Industrial Revolution
Key Themes of Romantic Music
The exotic foreign
National themes
Extremes of emotion and scale
Individual feelings
Orchestration - The technique of manipulating orchestral sound
Program Music Music that tells a story
Song Cycle series or group of songs that are linked together by one artist
Polytonality simultaneous sounding of two or more keys at once
Nontriadic harmony that is not based on the triad
Listening Test Notes
Franz Schubert
Written to a poem by a German poet
About the trout who is peacefully swimming in the water and the fisherman kills him. He wrote
it on a napkin (it’s almost like a jingle)
Fanny Mendelssohn
Wrote music even though her family didn’t approve
It’s the one that sounds like the timing is completely off
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