[NURS103] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (71 pages long)

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30 Mar 2017
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NURS103
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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NURS 103 Nursing ethics
Ethics - aiming at the “good life” and for others in just institution
what it means to be a good person to have a good life
includes things like relationships and duties
responsibilities (we that right comes responsibility)
What does it mean to be a nurse?
agency - means having capacity and power to act as a moral agent (responsibility to do good)
we’re practicing how to be a good nurse
Health professions act
-governs health professions
-also says what a college has to do (ex. enforce CARNA)
-applicable rules to all health professions
-we all have our set of regulations
-develop practice standards for regulated members:
-1. Responsibility and accountability
-2. knowledge-based practice
-3. ethical practice
-4. service to the public
-5. self-regulation
self-regulation - public trusts us
Virtue Ethics
-An approach that situates the agent at the core of moral life. (Aristotle)
-the way to be virtue, is to look at a virtue person
-virtues are role models
-aiming to be an ethic person
Trustworthiness
Open-mindedness (evidence-based practice) - understand that theres a big picture
Arne Vetlesen: (don’t let our emotions get in the way)
Preconditions of Moral Performance
Perception
Empathy (
Judgement
Don’t use go with going with how you feel
Or being dugged into cognitive….
your perception or response is from your emotions
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Approaches to Ethical Judgements
-Human rights (they are our rights because of who we are)
-Deontology (emphasizes rules, lying is wrong, stealing is wrong, do not kill anyone, this is a
rule based approach)
-Utilitarianism (concerned with the effects of actions, you figure out what to do and how to help
the most people most of the time, should you kill someone to save 100 people?)
-Principlism (ruled based approach, common approach to modern ethics, helps with
importance of context, like looking out whats in front of you)
-Casuistry
-Feminist ethics and ethics of care (moral valuing of caring for a person)
-Relational ethics
Principalism (moving away from specifically ruled but still keeping it structured)
Principles
Beneficence
Autonomy
Justice
Nonmalefience (not causing harm)
Moral knowledge is conceived as:
Impartial and impersonal
rational and logical
Universal (applies across settings)
Consisting of propositions/codes
Relational ethics
-development of ethics is like a coral reef
-concerned with how we are with each other (not just what we do)
-situated action, its an action ethic
-takes into account that we are connected with people (make decisions with others)
-have to step away and apply practice situations
-fitting response —> trying to find the most fitting thing to do (sometimes all options are bad)
Embodiment
-how we do know its real?
-Descarte says that the only thing we know is real is our body/mind
-Mind is only thing we know that is real
-Thinking alone isn’t enough
-Separating thinking from emotion is not right
Mutual Respect
-creation of a relation
-We respect each other because we are both human beings
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