NURS103 Study Guide - Final Guide: Stillbirth, Infant Mortality, Primary Healthcare

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25 Aug 2016
Right to Health
Right to health= linkages between health and human rights issues
Physical, mental, and social
Fundamental right of citizenship
Health/Human Rights
UDHR (universal declaration of human rights)-> ON EXAM
oWWII (1939-1945)
oCreation of United Nations
oFinalized and activated *exam question-> December 10, 1948 (international human rights day)
oNot a binding document just a declaration-> obliged to protect and fulfill
o30 articles
o*Health rights= article 25
oRight to standard of living adequate for health and well-being
oMaternal and child
Drafting and finalizing of UDHR-> Jon Humphrey
ICESCR= international covenant on Economic, social, and cultural rights
oBinding document
oArticle 12=12 health rights
oEveryone to enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health
oAssess by stillbirth and infant mortality rate-> indicators of health situation
Primary health care: multisectoral (not just health)
Alma-Ata declaration
oMultisectoral approach
oPhysicians, nurses, midwives, community workers, traditional
oHealth for all people of the world by the year 2000
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
oNovember 1986
oAchievable for all healthy by year 2000
oPrerequisites for health: social justice and equity is one (human rights)
Dr Jonathan Mann: health and human rights
oBased on AIDS
oProposed that HIV/AIDS and other diseases-> problem can't be solved by just medical needs (technology or
instruments)-> rooted in social issues (human rights violations)
oFirst phase= silent
Circulating undetected
oSecond phase= discovery
Name, how its spread
oThird phase= globalization
Mobilization of global energy and resources to fight
oFourth phase= ?
oReveals previous social conflicts
oDescribe aids on the social impact of AIDS-> development problem not just a medical problem
oMost vulnerable and marginalized who are affected
oAt risk for HIV but not vulnerable-> have the choice to prevent and educated
**Violation of human rights-> vulnerable
oIndividual level: monogamous women (no women's rights), gender based violence
oProgramme related: unequal access to health care prevention and treatment based on individual statuses
oSocietal: stigmatization because of lack of education
Jonathan Mann's ideas adapted by WHO (2000)
Violations have serious affect on health
Health policies and programmes can promote or violate human rights in their design of implementation
Vulnerability to ill-health can be reduced by taking steps to respect, protect and fulfill human rights
ICESCR article 12 is not good enough at general assembly at UN
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