NURS103 Study Guide - Final Guide: Cultural Pluralism, Cultural Relativism, Acculturation

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25 Aug 2016
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Global Citizenship and Cultural Safety
Global health= optimal well-being of all humans from the individual and collective perspective
Encompasses prevention, treatment, and care and focusing on improvement of health for all and health equity
Global health is concerned w/ domestic health disparities
Global health overlaps w/ concepts derived from public and international health
Health Equity
Health inequalities/disparities= difference in health status among different population groups
Health inequities= differences in health that are not unnecessary and avoidable but are considered unfair and
unjust
Health equity= absence of systemic disparities in health that are systematically associated w/ social
advantage/disadvantage (reflects social justice)
Global Citizenship
Responsibilities as citizens to engage in local, nation, and international community and social injustices and
inequities
Global citizen= inward personal awareness but outward actions
Interconnectedness-> major principle
Cultural Diversity: Canada is culturally diverse and is made up of a lot of immigrants and the aboriginal peoples
Understanding Cultural Concepts:
Culture= shared patterns of learned values and behaviours that are transmitted over time and distinguish
members of one group from another
Culture= visible (physical appearance) and invisible (value and belief system) components
Subcultures= various ethnic, religious, and other groups w/ distinct characteristics
Ethnicity= groups whose members share a social and cultural heritage
Race= common biological attributes shared by a group
Cultural pluralism= promotes respect for the right of others to have different beliefs, values, behaviours, and
ways of life
Cultural relativism= awareness and appreciation of cultural differences, rejects ethnocentrism
Enculturation= socialization into primary culture during childhood
Acculturation= adapting to and adopting a new culture
Assimilation= minority group gradually adopts the attitudes and customs of mainstream culture
Multiculturalism= fundamental characteristic of Canadian society
Cultural Conflicts
Culture provides context for valuing, evaluating, and categorizing life experiences
Ethnocentrism= you think your better (stereotypes, biases, and prejudices)
oStereotypes= generalizations that prevent further assessment of unique characteristics
oDiscrimination= acts on prejudices and treats unfairly
oRacism= specific actions and attitude and exerts power over others
Cultural imposition= use own values and ways of life as absolute guides in providing services to patients and
interpreting behaviours
Historical Development of the Concept of Culture
Transcultural nursing= comparative study of cultures and understanding of similarities (culture universal) and
differences (culture specific) across human groups in order to provide meaningful and beneficial delivery of health
care
Culturally congruent care= use of sensitive, creative, and meaningful care practices to fit w/ general values,
beliefs, and lifeway’s of patients
Culturally competent care= explicit use of culturally based care and health knowledge in sensitive, creative, and
meaningful ways to fit the general lifeways and needs of individuals or groups for beneficial and meaningful
health and well being or to help them face illness, disabilities, or death
Transcultural assessment model= cultural competency, each person is culturally unique and should be assessed
according to communication, space, social organization, time, environmental control, biological variations
Cultural awareness= insight into one’s background and a in depth self examination
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