NURS103 Study Guide - Final Guide: Thiomersal, Encephalitis, Immunodeficiency

21 views2 pages
25 Aug 2016
76 – 88% of Albertan kids are receiving/taking all these vaccines. (the table with all the vaccines).
There’s no cost to any of these vaccines
Alberta does not have a mandatory vaccination program to enter schools.
Herd Immunity
95%  optimal for herd immunity (enough people are immunized that protects the general population from
catching the disease or attaining a permanent disability).
Even though many in the population may be immune, those who are not vaccinated may still be infected.
BUT, if herd immunity is implemented – the spread of an infection is limited.
Ex. People can’t really be immunized: babies (not as great of an immune system), immunocompromised, chemo-
therapy, allergic to egg in vaccine (but probs find an alternative) etc.
Herd immunity only works if the non-immune people are evenly dispersed called “clustering” – when non-immune
people hand out together.
Can’t assume that kids that are not immunized, are because (parents) are anti-vaccination. May because of other
reasons ex. Families that don’t have a regular doctor, access etc.
These can be categorized into:
1. Complacency (doubts about vaccines)
2. Convenience
3. Confidence (with pharmaceutical companies, etc)
Are vaccines: affordable, available,
Vaccines are not a 100% “risk-free”.
Some will have reactions to them
1 in 1 million doses in children will develop encephalitis.
Some kids don’t respond to the 1st dose of a vaccine, but we don’t know who these kids are.
Post-Licensure Safety Monitoring
When vaccines are introduced to the population, they look at “adverse events” that occur after the
implementation of the vaccine.  do investigations
The thimerosal in vaccines will damage a baby’s brain
Thimerosal kills bacteria
Methyl mercury (in anti-freeze)
Ethyl mercury (wine, beer)
Element of truth that it’s not as bad  sore throat then get better.
BUT very dangerous if pregnant  Baby – malformed or could possible lose baby.
System level strategies
Things health programs/facilities do to help people get immunized
Be careful about…
“Information deficit model”  in fact doesn’t work
Speaking with parents about vaccination: the ASK Approach (there are a few things missing on the slide – the stuff in bold)
Acknowledge concerns
Clarify to understand our client’s needs
Steer the conversation
Refute the myths
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class