Dr. Kostelecky - Philosophy 249 - 7

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Matthew Kostelecky

PHILOSOPHY 249 AUGUSTINE: from algeria by training he is a rhettorician manicheism >>> skeptic (academic philosophy) >>> platonist >>> christian returns to North Africa pressed into a job as a bishop he argues against all manners of thinking sects. sects which are no longer going concerns because of the strength of augustine's arguments MANICHAENISM - a kind of gnosticism. did not see materiality as a good thing. key tenent: materiality is darkness. we have a spark of light in us. evil and materiality are together. light and goodness are together. a good manichean would say i have a dark side and light side. george lucas modeled Star Wars on manichaenism. an eclipse is the forces of good fighting the forces of evil. becomes disenchanted when astronomers can predict eclipses. THEN HE BECOMES A SKEPTIC he sets up a minimum criteria for believing something not that it is demonstrable, but that it be RATIONAL. Manicheanism didn't meet up. he then converts to being a PLATONIST in some respect, but his earlier daliance with manicheanism means he won't convert to christianity unless it can show itself to be rational. THIS IS AN IMPORTANT NEGATIVE CRITERION. christianity claims some truths that are in themselves innaccessible to natural reason he claims to be contrasted to TERTULLIAN. TERTULLIAN was a convert to christianity, trained in roman law, translating the greek terms that they used for the persons of the trinity. PROSOPON - greek word used for person TERTULLIAN translates this work PERSONA. did not then have the same meaning that 'person' has today. he was a law guy, so this word, PERSONA, was the word for a legal claimant. today person is any individual human, but in this time it was just ambiguously anything with a legal claim. he is also famous for asking a question people say he asked: "WHAT DOES ATHENS HAVE TO DO WITH JERUSALEM" - athens, locus of greek philosophy - jerusalem, locus of revalation HE SAID THEY HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH EACH OTHER that means tehre is a great divorce between philosophy and revalation. phil offers little to help you with the really important thing. AUGUSTINE COMES BY AFTER HIS FLIRTATION WITH MANICHEANISM WITH HIS CRITERIA OF RATIONALISM. AUGUSTINE SAYS ATHENS IS VERY IMPORTANT WHEN IT COMES TO JERUSALEM REVALATION CANNOT BE ABSURD, IRRATIONAL, OR CONTRADICTORY TO NATURAL SCIENCE He thinks philosophy is important to theology. PROPOSITIONAL CLAIM ABOUT GOD that many christians think you can show 1. GOD EXISTS 2. GOD IS INTELLIGENT 3. GOD IS ONE INDEMONSTRABLE (BY REVELATION ALONE) PROPOSITIONAL CHRISTIAN CLAIM 4. GOD IS TRIUNE 5. GOD IS INCARNATE augustine takes on these two secondary ones. he cannot show it (demonstrate) but can show it to not be contrary to reason. do these second batch mean we need to denigrate philosophy, or are these truths, through philosophy, superceding natural reason. st. augustine says the acceptance of revalation to the denigration of reason is not acceptable. HE BECOMES A NEOPLATONIST COMPARE BEGINNING OF "ON FREE CHOICE OF THE WILL" WITH DESCARTE'S MEDITATIONS. the general project of augustine is to prove god exists the general project of descartes is to justify our
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