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POL S101 Final: PS Final

9 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POL S101
Ian Urquhart

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Non decision making Peter Bachrach and Morton Baratz (1970) first introduced the concept of nondecision making, contesting the dominant explanation of the use of power in decisionmaking by asking how issues are suppressed and the scope of decisionmaking restricted. This was a challenge to Robert Dahls conceptualization of power, which tended to focus on how decisions are made. Bachrach and Baratz suggested that to fully understand power, researchers should also consider decisions that are not madenondecisions. Nondecisionmaking involves suppressing challenges to the status quo and suppressing the addition of new issues to an agenda. Issues are excluded from an agenda because they are threatening in some direct way, or because of the competition for the limited space for agenda items The Harm Principle and Pornography Harm principle becomes a central debate issue for censorship of porn Liberals vs. feminists Liberals resist censorship to porn as a matter of principle, Skipper support other material like porn not censored therefore cannot limit to specifically censoring porn Feminist strongly suggest it should be censored because it degrades, harms, and endangers the lives of women Dyzenhaus says porn eroticizes the social and physical inequalities for women, unsure if consent is real Distinction between pornography and erotica. Erotica might be explicit and create sexual arousal, but neither is grounds for complaint. Pornography would not come under attack if it did the same thing as erotica; the complaint is that it portrays women in a manner that harms them Negative Freedom absence of coercion or interference with agents possible private actions, by an exterior socialbody Liberal defenses of constitutional liberties; freedom of movement, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, arguments against paternalist or moralist state intervention freedom from interference by other people. Negative liberty is primarily concerned with freedom from external restraint and contrasts with positive liberty (the possession of the power and resources to fulfil ones own potential) the absence of obstacles imposed by others on you (external limits); obstacles that are external to the individual human actions are the key,measured by how many doorsopportunities are open to you not enslaved by external forces, and has equal access to a societys resource personal liberty; each individual can act unhindered according to their tastes, desires, and inclinations No intervention from government or restrictions to allow privacy and choice Only allowed: State intervention to prevent harm to others
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