POL SCI 321 Class 2 Historical Development of Social Security
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Department
Political Science
Course
POL S321
Professor
John Church
Semester
Fall

Description
AdhocpublichealthatlocalleveltodealwithCLASS2THEHISTORICALemergenciesDEVELOPMENTOFSOCIALDevelopmentofprovincialhealthboardsOntario1882SECURITYINCANADAFederaldepartmentin1919MAJORTHEMESRedefiningpovertyPRINCIPLESSensethatCanadawasalandofopportunityofstrongsocialResidualoverridingsetofvaluepreferencesthatsecuritymeasureswerenotnecessaryifyouworkhardyougetachancetobecomesuccessfuldefineshowsocialsecuritywasdevelopedinCanadaLackofdatatoeithersupportorrefutreperceptionsofpriorto1945underlyingsocialandeconomicconditionCategoricalChangedbyimprovedinformationandincreasedpoliticalConditionalscienceEXtobaccowehavegoodinfoaboutwhatitdoestoLesseligibilitybelowminimumwageyourhealthblablablaParticipatoryDemocracyRESIDUALISMVSINSTITUTIONALISMAsgovtdevelopedmoreprogramseveryonewasinterestedCONCEPTOFRESIDUALISMinwhatwasgoingonsopeopleweremoreengagedwithissuesDevelopmentofalternativesfordistributingincomegoodsrelatedtosocialservicesandmostimportantlytohealthcareandservicesIncreasingpublicinterestinsocialsecurityprogramsCommonassumptionpriortothe1940swasthatthefamilyIncreasedbenefitsespeciallythosethatareuniversialinandprivatemarketprovidedreliefnaturalhavecontributedtothisINCREASEDINTERESTGovernmentwasthelastresortofreliefandthenonlyonanIssuesofdueprocessfairnessandaccountabilityemergencyortemporarybasisEXifyoufoundsomekindofmisfortunefinancialInstitutionsFedProvRelationsphysicalormentalthemajorresponsibilityofwhosgoingtotakeFedhadasignificantamountofpowerbecausenoonewascareofyouisyourselfyourfamilyandthenthebroaderthinkingabouthealthcareandeducationitwasgivencommunitylocalresponsibilitytoprovincialINSTITUTIONALCONCEPTOFWELFAREStrongcentralroleoriginallyenvisionedforcentralThealternativetothisviewpointwhichwastodevelopgovernmentduringthepostWWIIperiodHoweverdivisionsofpowersjudicialinterpretationandResultofthegrowingrecognitionoftherisksassociatedpolicaldevelopmentsleftprovinceswithresponsibilityformajorwithsocialorganizationinurbanindustrialsocietyandareasthecapacityofthestatetomobilizetoaddresstheseIncongruencebetweenrevenueraisingpowerandprogramproblemsresponsibilitiesSocietyhadanobligationtoprotectandcompensatethoseindividualswhoborethecostsofindustrialandurbanmodernizationSocialMinimumRealizationthatinacivilizedsocietythereisaminimumofconditionsnecessarytohaveachanceinlifeStemsfromconcernsaboutchildlabourandminimumwagesinBritainandsurveysofpovertyinmajorUScitiesattheturnofthecenturyEXMinimumWageEstablishmentofSocialMinimaIncreasedpublicconcernHISTORICALOVERVIEWNeedsofemployerstoaccesscheaptrainedPreConfederationElizabethanPoorLawTradition1601readextranoteslaborforceConcernswithpublichealthAssumptionofpublicresponsibilityforreliefofdependentpoorfinancedandadministeredbyExtensionofthefranchiselocalgovernmentsImprovedinformationonsocialconditionsEducationProvidereliefforthesickoldordisabledimpotentpoorthroughalmshousesindoorAccesstocheaplabourforceandmethodofrelieforhomesoutdoorreliefsocialcontrol18501870sprimaryeducationinOntarioWorkforablebodiedpoorandpunishmentBCManitobaandPEIbecamefreeworkhousesProblemswithPoorLawSystemFreepubliclibrarieswerefairlycommonbyturnofthecenturyThinlydisguisedslaveryHealthCare
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