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[PSYCO347] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 115 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCO347
Professor
Jennifer Passey
Study Guide
Final

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U of A
PSYCO347
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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November 15, 2016 Psyco 347
Stresses & Strains
T or F
- Ostracism can impact perceptions of the passage of time true
- Ostracism hurts even when it is dispensed by a group you despise true
- ½ of men and 1/3 of women report that they have slept with someone while they were
in a serious dating relationship with someone else true
- 2% of the olds hilde ae eig aised  men who do not know that the children were
fathered by another man true
Relational Evaluation
- Our emotional reactions to rejection depend on how much we want to be accepted by particular
others, and just what their acceptance of rejection of us means
o Even when we are rejected by a despised group it still hurts us
Cyber Ball Experiment Williams & Colleagues
Led to believe they are playing a game with other participants over the
internet virtual ball and then click on who to throw the ball to
Inclusion Condition received the ball 1/3 of the time (equal to
everyone else)
Ostracism Condition only received the ball once and never received it
again
o Also if you are being rejected because of confidence or intimidation it is less hurtful than
if you are rejected for being inadequate
- There is only a rough connection between the objective acceptance or rejection we receive from
others and our feelings of acceptance or rejection that result
- People feel ejeted he aothe pesos eotios ae ot as stog as e at the to e
o Sometimes we love someone and they want to be friends only painful even though
their feelings are positive and not rejectionary
Relational Devaluation in the Lab
- Have a conversation with another person over a computer; while they were talking they and the
other would put up scores randomly along a scale of how much they liked the person they were
speaking to (higher score = greater liking for conversation)
- The number was shown to the other person whom rated so they would see what their partner
rated them
- 2 goups hih eeied osistet atigs of eithe positie atigs o egatie atigs all 7s,
all 2s fo the etire interaction
o The group which received the lower ratings did experience sadness and hurt feelings
- 2 othe oditios hee peoples atigs haged oe the ouse of the iteatio:
o Peoples ratings changed over time (negative positive; positive negative)
Devaluation group (positive negative) felt worse than anyone else in the
other conditions
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November 15, 2016 Psyco 347
Relational Devaluation
- Appaet deeases i othes egad fo us
o Causes a variety of unhappy emotions
- Hurt feelings are:
o Much like physical pain
o Characterized by a sense of injury emotionally
- Attachment styles:
o High anxiety experience more hurt
o High Avoidance epeiee less pai ot hutful he soeoe doest at to e
lose eause ou also dot at to e lose to the aa
- Self-Esteem:
o Low self-esteem hurt more easily
Ostracism
- A specific form of rejection in which people are given the cold shoulder and ignored by those
around them
- Ostracizers usually justify their actions as an effective way to punish their partners, to avoid
confrontation, or to calm down and cool off following a conflict
o They usually feel that the ostracism has helped the relationship as opposed to hurt it;
however ostracism does not provide any explanation to the target
- The victims of ostracism often have no idea why it is happening
o Are often angry, frustrated and hurt and never say it was beneficial to the relationship
and often report that it caused damage
o The people who are the perpetrators usually think it was beneficial; whereas the victims
of these actions tend to feel it had a very negative impact
Self-Esteem and Ostracism
- People with high self-esteem are more likely than those with low self-esteem to end their
relationships with ostracizers
o They get the silent treatment less often
- People with low self-esteem experience more ostracism, and they are more likely to carry a
grudge and to ostracize others in return
o Instead of leaving who rejects them they hang around and might behave in spiteful ways
in seek of revenge of some sort
Jealousy
- A negative emotional experience that results from the potential loss of a valued relationship to a
real or imagined rival
o Defined by hurt, anger, and fear
- Different than envy
o A huiliatig logig fo aothe pesos possessios
o Jealousy is when we are concerned we will lose something we already have
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