•But if too intense, we may “jump” back out of the story
•Narratives often also involve drama, where the focus is on cause and effect (Onega
and Landa Garcia call this “showing”)
•Narratives, for example, often provide the outcome at the beginning, but withhold key
information in order to promote interest:
•With mysteries: what happened?
•With tragedies: how could it happen?
•An example of “showing” as tragedy can be found in ﬁrst few pages of Krakauer’s
book “Into Thin Air”
The Humanities —> Art:
•“Art mirrors what we consider to be both beautiful and important” (pg.5)
•Take a look at the following painting, called “The Oxbow,” painted by Thomas Cole in
•How would you describe this painting?
•What are its key features?
•How does it represent its time period?
•The Sublime - Nash (1982), pg. 44-45
•“With the ﬂowering of Romanticism in the 18th and early 19th centuries, wild country
lost much of its repulsiveness….
•To signify this new feeling about wild places the concept of sublimity gained
widespread usage… as an aesthetic category the sublime dispelled the notion that
beauty in nature was seen only as comfortable, fruitful, and well-ordered
•Vast, chaotic scenery could also please… even the fear that wilderness inspired
was not a liability”