Sociology midterm 1 review (stuff not in the notes or you just have trouble
- Sociological imagination
o The ability to view human lives as shaped by social forces
o Personal troubles and social issues are connected (micro is attached
- Norm: Society’s expectations on how we are supposed to act think and look.
- Normative: behaviors, appearances and thoughts that correspond to society’s
- Enrolling into university has become more of a norm over the past few years
o Back then, women in the like, 1950s wouldn’t even think of enrolling.
They would be getting married young, having children and be a full
time stay at home mom.
- Agency: People’s capacity to make choices, which then have an impact on
other people and on the society in which they live.
- Sociology unlike other sciences takes all different factors of society. Other
sciences may only focus on specific factors of society
Categories of theory
- Focuses on explanation and prediction
- Example: A law can be made due to prediction by looking at the existing
factors that stem from the crime.
- Functionalism is a positivist contemporary theoretical network
- Focuses on the ways that people come to understand themselves, others, and
the world around them. It is said to be constructed by everyday people
- Example: Exploring what a “real” man means
- Interactionism is an interpretive
- Focusing on the role that power plays in social processes
- Example: feminism is a critical contemporary theoretical network.
Function types in functionalism:
- Manifest: intended
o Job training.
- Latent: unintended
o Finding the love of your life
- Dysfunction: society does not fulfill it’s function effectively, no positive
connection to it.
o A dysfunctional family where all family member’s functions cannot be
- Collectively shared criteria by which we determine whether something is
right or wrong
- The responsibility that the future generation has which is to provide the
people in subordinated (lower powered) or marginalized groups
- Ways of understanding a particular subject or social phenomenon
Proletariat are subordinated to the bourgeoisie
- An abstract idea that is expressed as a word or phrase