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Midterm

Midterm 2_Study_Guide

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100
Professor
A L L
Semester
Fall

Description
Dr.  Caine   SOC100-­‐B1   Midterm  2  Study  Guide   Introductory  Sociology  SOC100-­‐B1   Winter  2012   Study  Guide  2     NOTE/DISCLAIMER:   The  following  information  is  meant  to  guide  you  in  studying  for  key  terms,  concepts,  theories,  people,   and  ideas  that  we  have  cove red  in  the  course  up  to  and  including  the  end  of  Friday’s  March  9  class.  It   th is  NOT  exclusive  –  that  is,  for  Midterm  2  you  should  have  read  all  of  Chapters  6,7,8,9,10  &  11  as  well  as   all  materials  covered  in  lectures.       Chapter  6:  Deviance   -­‐ What  is  deviance  (e.g.  videos  “Preston”  and  “Latarian”)   -­‐ Deviance  defined   o Crime  defined   -­‐ Deviance  and  music  –  e.g.  of  Tipper  Gore  and  Frank  Zappa   -­‐ Power  and  Deviance    -­‐  e.g.  of  Roman  Polanski   -­‐ Relate  to  subculture:  delinquent  subculture  and  possible  status  frustration   -­‐ Overt  and  covert  deviance   -­‐ Consider  the  relationship  bet ween  culture  and  deviance  (p.  157)   -­‐ Deviance  as  “contested”   -­‐ Social  constructionism  vs.   Essentialism   -­‐ Conflict  deviance   -­‐ Stigma  –  Goffman’s  3  types   -­‐ The  Other   -­‐ Merton’s  Anomie  Theory  (also,  relate  to  Durkheim)   -­‐ Labelling  Theory   -­‐ Three  major  theoretical  perspectives  on  deviance   -­‐ Racializing  deviance :  Emily  Murphy  as  ‘moral  entrepreneur ’  on  drugs  and  the  Chinese   -­‐ Racial  profiling   -­‐ Gender:  “to  be  female  is  to  be  deviant?”   o Misogyny,  patriarchal  construct  (e.g.  Bechdel  Test  for  Women  in  Movies)   -­‐ ‘Schools  to  Prison’  Hypothesis   o reasons  of  overrepresentation  of  lower  class  in  prisons   o Goffman’s  concept  of  Impression  Management   -­‐ White  collar  crime  defined  and  types  of     -­‐ Sexual  orientation  and  deviance:  related  to  “heteronormativity”   –  see  ‘The  Point  Is’  (page   173)     Chapter  7:  Family   -­‐ Why  study  the  family?   -­‐ Video:  “Consuming  Kids:  Commercialization  of  Childhood”   –  key  social  influences  of   families?   -­‐ Understanding  families  along  patrilineal  versus  matrilineal  family  lines   -­‐ Functions  of  families   -­‐ Kinship   -­‐ Family  Types  –  simple,  complex   -­‐ General  Social  Survey  (GSS)  –  method  of  gathering  data  on  the  family ;  source  of  data  for   sociological  analysis   -­‐ Mythical  family   –  the  “ideal  family”?     1   Dr.  Caine   SOC100-­‐B1   Midterm  2  Study  Guide   -­‐ What  do  the  theoretical  perspectives  say  about  family?   -­‐ Changes  in  the  Canadian  family   –  know  the  trends,  terms  ( DON’T  NEED  TO  KNOW  THE   NUMBERS),  what  do  these  trends  indicate?   -­‐ Cluttered  nest  versus  empty  nest,  Boomerang  Kids   -­‐ Delayed  Life  Transitions  (Beajot)   -­‐ How  has  family  changed   in  Quebec?  Why?   -­‐ Conjugal  (marital)  roles  in  the  family  (Bott’s  and   Beaujot’s  approaches  and  terms)   -­‐ Changes  to  roles:  second  shift/double  burden   -­‐ Family  roles  and  ethnicity   -­‐ Endogamy  and  Exogamy,  differences  in  ethnicity  (in  general,  not  by  numbers)   -­‐ Canadian  history  of  policies  that  denied  family  to  immigrants   -­‐ Understand  how  policies  in  Canada  have  greatly  impacted  the  Aboriginal  family :  residential   schools,  sexual  sterilization,  sixties  scoop     Chapter  8:  Religion   -­‐ Bus  advertising  case:  extreme  examples  of  the  significance  of  religion  in  peoples  lives   -­‐ Religion:  What  it  IS  (its  substance,  i.e.  su bstantive)  vs.  What  it  DOES  (Function)   -­‐ Substantive  versus  functionalist  definitions  (Peter  Berger)   -­‐ Protestant  Work  Ethic  (Max  Weber)     o related  to  capitalism     o  “salvation  anxiety”   -­‐ Karl  Marx  on  religion   o False  consciousness     -­‐ Émile  Durkheim     o The  Elementary  Forms  of  Religious  Life  (1912)   o Religion  was  rooted  in  the  group  or  society,  not  the  individual     o Religion  as  Function   § But  see  also  Merton’s  perspective  on  manifest,  latent  and  dysfunction   functions  of  religion   -­‐ Functionalist  Definition     o Durkheim’s  definition  of   religion   -­‐ Durkheim’s  Three  Key  Elements  of  Religion   -­‐ Components  of  Religion   o Examine  how  groups  organize  based  on:   Beliefs,  Rituals,  Experience,  Community   (Community:  4  Basic  Forms )   -­‐ The  positive  importance  of  religion  and  family  within  Hutterite  society  (cons ider  as   Structural  Functionalist  perspective)   -­‐ Age  group  versus  cohort  differences  in  religion   -­‐ Theoretical  Perspectives  on  Religion :  S.F.,  Conflict,  S.I.   -­‐ Patriarchy  and  religion   –  see  examples  that  support  and  challenge   -­‐  Hutterites,  Anglican   ministers   o Ecofeminism:     § defined;     § as  religion  or  philosophy?   -­‐ Social  change  though  religion   o Neitsche:  Christian  morality  as  herd  mentality  leading  to  “nihilism”  and  a  post -­‐ modern  approach  to  religion   o Catholic-­‐traditionalists,  neo-­‐traditionalism  within  Aboriginal  cultures    
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