5-6 key threads per chapter that connect to eachother
Format: april 14 at 2 pm
2 hours long( 60 mc and 10 t/f)
Only the second half of the course
Chapter 4,7,8,9,10 plus additional readings
Exam prep sheet on website***
-know the names of the theorists, know the main concepts. Repeat of some first half theorists
KEY COURSE IDEAS
• Deviance dance
• Social typing
• Social control
• Moral entrepreneurs
Objective: presence of a specific trait define deviance. Trying to identify why deviance occurs or
the causes of it. Factors that lead to deviance issue. Not as concerned with the definition of
Subjective: socially-constructed dominant moral codes define deviance. Connects directly to
deviance dance in who defines what deviance is.
Ie) causes of youth crime, binge drinking=objective
Moral panics about anorexia=subjective
Scientific standards for ideal body=objective claim it is truth of the body and we can categorize
Causes of and treatments for mental illness=objective. Causes are always objective
Influence on the structure of media ownership on content=subjective
What modified bodies tell us about society=subjective
Social standards for the ideal body=subjective
What is the process of social typing?
-certain set of people (ME) saying this certain person is deviant
Three step process:
1. description (label)
2. Evaluation (label attached to person or behaviour) ie) eugenics movement: who were
people that were socially typed as deviant? mentally handicapped, immigrants(racial
hierarchy)labeled under social typing
3. Prescription(the treatment or judgement or how you will control it):treated or judged
based on that label
-what is the difference between sane and insane person?
-traditional typology of religion
-examples: witch trials and eugenics.
• Social typing in religion. Church major denomination from sect/cult which are socially
typed as deviant because of isolation and crazy or not fully functional.
Prescription that intervenes on social problem Forms of social control:
1. Formal vs Informal
Formal (institutions and laws that formally attempt to control behaviour)vs. Informal
(irving Goffman everyday life. Every day interactions where people’s behaviour is
controlled by social aspects like ridicule)
Ie) witch hunts were formalized in law. They were persecuted in courts.
2. Retroactive vs preventative
Retroactive: something happened and now we don’t want it to happen again.
Preventative: making sure it doesn’t happen at all.
3. Self control (Fouccault) vs. Regulation of others
-surveilling self in extremely scientific way in terms of broader norms=self control
-regulation of others: controlling others
-controlled through anti-cult groups
-Medicalization of “fat” bodies
THE DEVIANCE DANCE
One fundamental truth of all deviance issues: a lot of different viewpoints, debates, and
Focuses on different moral entrepreneurs. The dance is between these people trying to socially
type these different issues.
Presents good reality of what issues look like in real world. Issues are always contested by
different forms of intervention
Scientists, media, religious groups, politicians are all moral entrepreneurs. Also parents
Ie) Some examples of deviance dance: pro ana movement vs. scientific media approach.
Scientific approach is very clear: very dangerous disease. Pro-ana websites resist that
movement and they try and redefine the issue by saying they can exist and live their lives like
that. Contest, debate or struggle between the two groups.
Ie) cult vs anti-cult movement:bought plots of land and had small communes of people. People
were concerned that their money was being stolen, kids were being beaten etc. cults ask
insiders to give posessions and often they are very rich. Anti cult movement resists the question
of it ebing religious freedom. All religious groups have religious freedom. Takes a lot to shut
down cults because they are religious. Law enforcement can only intervene when the cult is
criminal. Sometimes parents in anti cult movement would hire guys to go in and kidnap their
children and deprogram them from the cult. Involved in media and promoting potentially
Counter-cult movement: different then anti-cult. Based on fundamentalist understanding of
religion and rejects all non fundamentalist understandings. See all other forms of religion as
deviant compared to their own. Our specific denomination is true and all of the others are not
real or are going to hell.
Informal event that became formalized in the law.
PRESCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS OF DEVIANCE
The devil made me do it
The world is seen as one with no coincidences (if something bad happens it must be demonic).
These trials started when religion was the strongest moral entrepreneur. Had a non-scientific
definition of the witch. They saw the witches as demonic. Nothing is seen as unintended or
without consequence. No such thing as coincidences. They wanted exmplanation for everything
from floods to crops not doing well. DUALISM
Very clear dualistic approach to deviance. No grey area or deviance dance. Good people and
bad people. That is it. Very clear moral viewpoint about right and wrong. Anything else is deviant
and explained by demonic behaviour.
2 Pathways to deviance:
1. Temptation: the devil does tempting. Ie)extramarital affair. One or the other was tempted
through the devil. Wasn’t just their choice. The devil is always tempting you and your
faith. If you fall into temptation you are not living good Christian life
2. Possession:devil himself has taken over your body. Explanation of why the act was
committed and a justification of why.
THE WITCH HUNT 1400-1700
Dates roughly correspond to last major 300 years in which religion was major dominant moral
entrepreneur. Science starts to replace it because it was practical.
Witchcraft is a belief that exists in virtually every society.
Before 1000, church canon law held it illegal to believe in witches.
Interesting part, why did that witch hunt grow at that particular point in time. It was always on
canon law and there was a rapid rise in persecution
Key point: the church did not treat witch craft as part of a conspiracy theory against the for