1. Families: always endangered?
2. Future trends
a. Demographic aging
b. Diversification of form
c. Alternatives of marriage
d. Fertility decline
When was this said?
- On all sides concern has been expressed over an ever increasing divorce rate. The
institution of the family were are told, is endangered (2005)
Family is always “endangered”
- Constantly changing
- Ideologically important
- Reflects changes in broader society
o More women in work force
o Same-sex relationships
- Family pessimism or family optimism
Always work in progress
Looking constantly for changes
More older people
- Increasing dependency ratio
o (0-19) + (>65)/(20-64)
Why does changing dependency ratio matter?
- Public spending for elderly vs. public spending for young
o Build schools or build old age homes?
- Pension crunch
o Retire… When? o As life expectancy increase, the demand for existing pension plans increase…
People are now living into 90’s and still benefitting from their pensions
o People who are in the workforce now, they will find themselves working harder
and longer compared to generation before them
- Sandwich generation