GRST 209 Quiz: quiz 6.1

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Published on 9 May 2020
GRST 209
Quiz 6
(April 8, 2020)
(Time - 50 minutes)
Quiz 6 is being held this Wednesday, April 8, at 8.00-8.50am, the normal class time, but it will
be on-line. I will put Quiz 6 on D2L at about 7.50am. You’ll give it back to me via the Dropbox
in D2L by 8.50am. Access Exams students may submit at 9.50. If there are problems with the
Dropbox receiving so many assignments, then just email me your quiz, but also put the quiz into
the Dropbox later for safe keeping. For grading purposes, the quizzes must appear in the
Dropbox. If they’re not, they won’t be graded. I will leave the Dropbox open until 11.00, just in
case there are problems. Late submissions may incur penalty. (The simplest way to complete
the quiz is to download it as a Word document, type in your responses, then upload it as a
Word document. Pages works as well.)
Short Answer. (24 marks)
1. Think about the women and wives in Homer’s poems. Can you detail (names and
partners will do) four instances of women and their partners who exemplify this theme
of women and wives in Homer. (1 mark per answer)
a. Andromache and Hector
b. Clytemnestra and Agamemnon
c. Penelope and Odysseus
d. Helen and Menelaus
2. Tragedy entails the fall (usually the death) of a great or prominent individual. In Homer
this individual is usually a hero and often by us called a tragic hero. Can you name four
tragic heroes in Homer and indicate in a few words how they ended? (1 mark per
a. Hector: Hector was killed by Achilles after Hector killed Patroclus whom Achilles
loved the most. Achilles stabs Hector through the neck in order to kill him.
b. Achilles: Achilles was killed near the end of Trojan war. Paris killed him by
shooting an arrow in the heel.
c. Patroclus: Patroclus was killed during the war. He was set upon by Euphorbos
and Apollo. Apollo removed Patroclus’s wits and Euphorbos hit him with the
spear. Then Hector killed him (Patroclus) by stabbing the spear in his stomach.
d. Priam: Priam was killed by Achilles’s son, Neoptolemus, during the sac of troy.
Neoptolemus caught Priam seeking the refuge on Zeus’s altar. Then
Neoptolemus brought Priam to the altar and killed him.
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3. Mercy is maybe the most important theme of the Iliad. How does (a) Achilles display
mercy (briefly explain)? Can you provide three instances of Achilles not displaying
mercy (b, c, d)? (1 mark per answer)
a. Achilles displayed mercy by handing over hector’s body back to his father, Priam.
When Priam grasps Achilles by knees and begs him for his son’s body back.
Achilles bursts into tears as he thinks of his own father, Peleus, by looking at
Priam. And then both of them lament their losses in the war and after having a
meal together, Achilles gave hector’s body to his father, Priam.
b. When Agamemnon only decided to take Achilles’s captive, Briseis, as a
compensation for returning Chryseis back to her father, in order to balance the
book. Achilles became very angry and he declares that he and his men will no
longer fight for Agamemnon. He didn’t even agrees to go back when Phoenix
(Achilles’s old teacher), Ajax and Odysseus came to Achilles and tried to
persuade him to come and fight in the war.
c. He also did not display mercy when Agamemnon’s messengers finally take
Briseis away. He became very upset and asks his mother, Thetis to ask Zeus to
bring Greeks to the breaking point by Trojans in order to make Agamemnon
realize about how much Greeks needed Achilles in the war. This was a terrible
prayer because all his friends and companions were going to die because of his
own vanity.
d. Achilles dragged hector’s body all around the city and dishonours it (hector’s
dead body).
4. In book 9 of the Odyssey Odysseus blinds Polyphemus, the Cyclops. Briefly explain (a)
why this is the beginning of Odysseus’ troubles, (b) whether Odysseus deserved his
punishment. (3 marks per answer)
a. In book 9 of the Odyssey, Odysseus blinds Polyphemus, the Cyclops. This is the
beginning of Odysseus’ troubles because when he blinded Polyphemus, the
angry Polyphemus asked who did this, then Odysseus said in an attitude that this
is me, the great Odysseus. Then the father of Polyphemus got angry and didn’t
let him go back to his home for next 10 years. Polyphemus’s father is the sea god
Poseidon. Then, everything disintegrates for Odysseus. And here began his
period of wandering. And during his next 10 years spent trying to go home, he
lost everything because of his desire for monetary gain and his curiosity to see
the monster. He lost all his ships, his companions and even his clothes.
b. I think, Odysseus deserved his punishment because he didn’t need to blind
Polyphemus. He visits the monster out of his own curiosity to see the monster
and desires for monetary gain and then in order to escape from the cave of
Polyphemus, he blinds the monster. Polyphemus was good. He was vegetarian
and had never drank alcohol (wine) before but only when he was provoked by
Odysseus, he turned into a monster.
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