Key Terms and Concepts
POWER, AUTHORITY, & THE STATE
1. Political Power: Ability to make other human beings what you want them to do
2. Political Power Typologies:
a. Influence: Voluntary obedience. People are not forced to do anything.
People agree to obey. Obey through choice.
i. Appeals to Intellect: Use of reason to convince someone to do
ii.Appeals to passions: Use of emotion to persuade someone to do
b. Coercion: Involuntary Action. Making people do what I want them to do
but they don’t want to do it. Obey by force.
i. Physical/Violent Coercion: Use threat of physical violence to make
them do what I want them to do. Always present in societies to set
ii.Economic Coercion: Use threat of financial/material harm; i.e.:
government fines, lockouts/strikes, threat to fire you from your job.
iii.Social Coercion: Use threat of public humiliation or being excluded
from a group. Person is forced to involuntarily obey due to their
fear of being a social outcast.
c. Authority: Voluntary obedience. People are not forced to do anything.
People agree to obey. Obey through obligation.
3. Efficient and Legitimate Exercise of Power:
a. Efficient: Ability to be the one in command because you have been
given a position of power.
b. Legitimate: People follow you command because they respect you and
recognize you have authority. Citizens voluntarily obey their government
because they respect the rule of the government.
4. Examples of Authority
a. Traditional: Respect for an inherit position (e.g. Queen or King)
b. Charismatic: Respect for the extraordinary personal characteristics (e.g.
c. Legal Authority: Respect for the rules that govern the exercise of power
5. Liberal Democracy and Legal Authority: Most liberal democracies (e.g.
Canada) believe in legal authority. People might reject the Prime Minister but they still feel the obligation to obey because they respect the rules that govern
the exercise of power.
6. Threats to Legitimacy in Liberal Democracy:
7. Sovereign and Sovereignty:
8. Sovereign and Well-Ordered Society
9. Personal, Parliamentary, Popular sovereignty:
a. Personal sovereignty: An individual (King, Queen, Spiritual Leader)
b. Parliamentary sovereignty: Set of institutes (House of Commons,
House of Lords)
c. Popular sovereignty: “The People” or “The Citizen Body)
10.Institutions of federal Parliament in Canada
14.Ethnic and civic nations
15.Key Types of Ethnic Groups in Canada
16.Unitary and Federal Systems
17.Structural Features of Federalism
18.Tension between Federalism and Sovereignty
19.Arguments in supporter of Federalism LAW, CONSTITUTIONALISM, & POLITICS
20. Definition of law:
21. Natural law v. positive law
22. Function of law (the four “R”s)
23. Parliamentary legal tradition
24. Common law v. civil law
a. Common law:
b. Civil law:
25. New infl