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Study Guide

ANTH 1150- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 42 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1150
Professor
Tad Mc Ilwraith
Study Guide
Final

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U of G
ANTH 1150
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Anthropology 1150
What is Anthropology?
-a study of human behaviour
-broad outlook
-geographical scope
-historical/temporal scope and time
-non-western peoples (history of looking at indigenous peoples)
-holistic perspective, looks at people, their behaviours, at the point of view of everything people
do
-“norms”, basically rules of behaviour that everyone in a group agrees on.
Four Sub Fields:
-Human Behaviour
-We as humans are very similar in how we live
1)Archeology: the study of human behaviour by looking at the material objects, the
physical objects people leave behind. Based on physical remains of past or prior human
activity. What people leave behind after they have used them (“study of garbage”).
Ed Hedican —> how people adapted to different environments.
-They reconstruct behaviours, figure out how those things could of been used.
-How do features change over time
-Methods—> systematic diggings, dates and ages of objects (chemical analysis)
2) Biological Anthropology: Starts with we are all biological creatures, we are all
animals.
- Evolution—> when do we show up? (ex. what happened to the neanderthals?)
-primatology —> non human
-human variation —> genetic level
-Adaptation, how we adapt
-Medicine, (ex. medicine anthropology) (ex. why are certain people for susceptible to
some disease then other people?)
-Forensics —> “Bones”
-Methods —> systematic digging, medical medicines, DNA analysis
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3) Linguistic Anthropology: Human use of language, how people use language to do
things.
-how language shapes culture, and vice versa
-how is story telling used in a particular community, why is it told, what is means, etc
-Methods —> they use fancy machines, recorders, etc
-Examples —> language and gender identity,
4) Cultural Anthropology
Wade Davis (UBC) “the central revelation of cultural anthropology is the idea that
the social world in what we live does not exist, but that our central world is just 1
form of reality.”
-what culture is
-Similarities and differences
-how human behaviour is shaped by culture
-how different people live, social inequality, effect of a globalization world on peoples
lives,
-Methods —> participation, observation, “deep hanging out”
Ethnography:
-written description of 1 particular culture
-2 examples:
1)Tahltan (Ishut),
-They are hunters/wage economy
2) Maisin (cultural name)
-Papua New Guinea
-Horticulture (similar to farming but done on a smaller scale)
Ethnology:
-comparison of different cultures and how people live
-focus on similarities and differences
-“universals”, things that all peoples have (ex. marriage, economics, religion, politics raya)
Ethnocentrism:
Hedican: belief that ones own culture is superior to that of another culture
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