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University of Guelph
ANTH 2230
D Rose

Sobo Making use of CultureThere are culturally specific ways of dealing with sickness and solutions to sickness Understanding these culturally specific things can have practical applications The body serves as a symbolic expression of social and moral order and ones own position in this order People use symbolic discourses to express inconsistencies within the cultural ways of dealing with and understanding sickness Abortion in Jamaica goes against the idea of kinship and parenthood yet provides a way out of an ideal situation even though it creates moral and social tensions Jamaicans describe their body metaphorically in the same life cycle of fruit When overripe and rotting they are past their prime it was firm and good Soft things are considered to have no use and like rotten things need to be eliminated similar to feces and other wastes Death and unused sperm must be washed away or they cause sickness Excessive moisture and dryness are associated with death Light dry and thin is associated with infertility greed stinginess and antisocial behaviour Firm and fat is good but too much of something good is also bad When there is a surplus of food some must rot if the rotten food is not eliminated quickly it can contaminate the whole thing Similar to the body and the elimination of feces Sick people are likened to newly dead and decomposing fruit Healthiness if social whereas sickness is not Moral social and physical precautions to prevent toxins from gaining entrance into the body and causing sickness The body is separate from the soul and people can actually cause issues with children who do not know the limitations of their body The body is prone to attack during sex and eating as these are social activities and because they are of opposite genders Doing these activities with other people requires a great degree of trust If the partner is not acting altruistically they can give bad belly The belly is the place where toxins and troublesome interactions take place to cause illness Men must eat others cooking so are more likely to get sick from ingesting poison men also fear menstruation Women gain poison from their vaginas through sex Bad belly can be an unwanted pregnancy that creates unwanted ties between people Prostitution birth control female infidelity etc can be seen as an argument against the importance of recreating society through procreation Menstruation is considered healthy and important for women to cleanse themselves and wash out un healthy things such as old semenPrice On the miracle of CreolizationHow ethnically homogeneous were the enslaved Africans and what were the cultural consequences What was the process that these Africans became African Americans How rapid was creolization Ask African Americans now about how they think and feel about the past and how they feel about certain words such as African slavery etc Creole is often perceived as the Europeanization of Africans It is believed that the slaves bought from the same region would be bought and housed together so that some culture could be kept together They would not lose all of their ethnicity This was perpetuated by the maroon colonies that focused on keeping the African cultureethnicity The Africans did not speak a recognizable English or French and thus seemingly would have spoken their traditional native language Also the Africans would have worked together discussing the best way to raise children and treat illnesses Africans who came to America were not just fresh off the boat but had experienced the language and culture of the new world before arriving Manuel The Caribbean CrucibleCaribbean music has become world music through Caribbean people moving to great Britain and the US The music is known and played around the world The Cuban revolution excelled in music health and education The idea that Africans were able to retain and create their own culture and were not just passive recipients of a new culture Can find distinctly African elements in Caribbean music such as Vodou and Santeria has elements of west African languages and drums Acculturation with European music diluted the original African practices Most of African music if collective participation which is characteristic of many classless societies lacking occupational distinctions between performers and consumers Soloist do exist but most members of a rural community engage in musical events The most distinct aspect of African music is the emphasis on rhythm Rich in melody timbral variety and even 23 part harmony but rhythm is the most important aspect Syncopation is the interaction of regular pulses and offbeat accents When 2 or more regular pulse patterns are combined the result is called polyrhythm which is most often performed by an ensembleCall and response is another African feature of music which is suited for communal performance in general Creolization is the creation of another culture from the prolonged interconnections of 2 distinct cultures A creole language is a language created by the blending of 2 or more prior languages The creole subsequently becomes a native language later A musical creolization is when distinctly African and European musical styles and elements mix together Cyrille Sa Ki Ta NouEugene Mona this is a song titled this belongs to us and was a warning against borrowing dance music from other islands He feared that the borrowing of other dance music and styles would lead to the disappearance of indigenous dances of the French Caribbean The traditional dances of the French Caribbean are no longer the main dances of that region Newly arrived slaves were paired with those from the same region who were already accustomed to the new plantation The planters introduced the dances of quadrille to the slaves Quadrilles were symbols of literacy and social elevation The domestic slaves began modifying the European dances they were learning which was the beginning of creolization They were creating a social class somewhere between the plantation owners and the field labourers Thus it became a symbol of social elevation When the formal European dances became modified by the slaves it became a symbol of freedom and power in the French Caribbean The domestic slaves took dance lessons with the whites and often surpassed them with their grace and posture Lewoz originated in the mountainous areas of Basseterre The description of slave dances is very similar to modern lewoz dances Danced to the sound of 3 drums Dans lalinkle dances performed at funeral wakes Distinctly reserved for close friends and family members There are 6 types of lalinkle
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