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[CLAS 1000] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 14 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
Professor
John Walsh
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofG
CLAS 1000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Wed, Sept 14, 2016
Early Greece Continued…
Morris and Powell, Chapter 4 readings
Greeks before history, 12000-1200 BC continued
-Palace at Knossos can relate to the story of the maze and the minotaur
-Labroi means double headed axe
-the Minoans were great builders, they had a great navy military force
-myths are based in some way on historical truths*
-palaces served as distribution centers, command economy
-Knossos being the most well known
-Minoans were deeply artistic, marine and floral themes dominate, expressing
images of the natural world
-2000-1600BC is the top of the Minoan culture
-1600BC the Minoans are under stress and the decline of their culture can be related
to the volcano on Thera, just north of the island of Crete
- the ash layer of the volcano went East towards Crete, this destabilized the culture
because the ash layer effected the distribution cities
- when the Minoans would be under great stress they would even sacrifice children
to appease the gods
- 1600-1200BC there is an exchange of power, Minoans fade and the Mycenaean’s
start to thrive on the greek mainland
- evidence of this can be shown by: the Minoans used Linear A script and it was
replaced by the Linear B script which would suggest the power of the Mycenaean’s
- Linear B was first “broken” by Michael Ventris and John Chadwick
The story of Theseus is evidence of the Mycenaean’s rise to power. Thesues travels
to Knossos and kills the minotaur
-Mycenae is a massive fortress on a hilltop, they construct their cities with war in
mind
-Mycenae had Grave Circle A, were evidence was found that shows daggers with
sophisticated war art (scenes of conflict)
-They were a strict warrior hierarchy, Wanax (wanakes) are chiefs and superior
warriors
-around 1200 BC is a period of collapse: Mycenae culture just goes away
-Athens snuck through the collapse and continued to thrive
-Egyptians nearly suffer the same fate, Egypt and the sea peoples (quite possibly the
Mycenaean’s
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The Dark Age, 1200-800 BC and Homer (Chapters 5 and 6)
- The Wanax is replaced by a new form of leadership called the Basileus
- Everything declines during this time except for the technological advances of
weapons, Bronze to Iron!!
- Dark AgeIron Age
- Brings upon simple artistic designs
- 750-735 BC is were artistic sophistication begins to arise again
- From Phonecia the greeks get their alphabet
Homer, Iliad ca 800-700BC, End of the dark age
- it was written in the Dactylic Hexameter, and the aoidoi and rhapsodes were
in charge of memorizing the iliad.
- Iliad is set in the Trojan war (ca 1200BC)
- The war involved the Greek kingdoms and the city of Troy
- Troy VII (ca 1300 – 950 BC)
-
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