CLASSICS study guide.docx

17 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
CLAS 2150
Andrew Sherwood

KEY ERAS: Bronze- 3000-1000 Dark- 1000-750 Archaic- 750-480 Classical- 480-336/323 Hellenistic- 336/323-146 Roman- 146-325 Byzantine- 325-1453 Neolithic period 600-2900 BC - Island in the region of Centeral Macedonia - Earliest Neolithic settlement - Found art from the Nea’s at Knossos - red & white design pattern Sesklo 5000-4000 - village near centeral Greece - Neolithic settlement - Fine glazed cups and bowls Dimini 4000-3000 - Neolithic settlement - Infant burial vases found there Chalcolithic or “Copper Age” - phase of Bronze Age - copper tin & bronze introduced - transition between Neolithic & Bronze Ages Megaron - the great hall of palace complexes. - Open roof, wide space - Minoan order of architechture Cyclades - Greek island group - Former administrative area of Greece - Flat idols carved out of the islands pure white marble - BEFORE Minoans Anatolia - basically Asia Minor Troy/Ilion… City of: Illium - Trojan war took place - Schliemann excavated parts - 9 Troys Tell - artificial hill (ie. Man made) - built up over centuries Hisarlik Tell - place of fortress - modern name for Troy’s hill - Schliemann excavated Schliemann - German excavator - Found Hisarlik - Probably excavated Troy 2 or 3 Syors - island in the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea - port town - philosopher Pherecydes teacher Pythagoras Mochlos - island of Eastern Crete - Minoan settlement - Eastern harbor Daedlus - creator of Labyrinth in which the minotaur is kept - myth: trapped because made labyrinth and then King didn’t want him to tell people, made wings for himself & son- son flew too close to sun Labrys - symmetrical double-headed axe from Crete - oldest symbol of Greeks Labyrinthos - maze form of the word “Labrys” - what Daeadlus made basically Vasiliki - female given name - means royal - Vasiliki Ware is specific name of Minoan site in Eastern Crete - Mottled glaze effects - Experieemnts with controlling color - Elongated spouts Hittite Empire - place - invented chariots - bronze age Zeus - God of all Olympians - Sky, thunder & mythology - Married to Hera or Dodona, consort Dione - Father of Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Persephone, Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen of Tryo, Minos, Muses, Ares, Hebe, Hepaestus - Long hair and beard Europa - Phoenician women of high lineage - Obviously continent of Europe taken from her name - Abducted by Zeus in form of white bull, took her to Crete, she is queen cause he bones her - Minoans eventually kidnap her, seeking to avenge the kidnapping of a diff princess Pasiphae - daughter of Helios, the son - mother of Asterion (who was a Minotaur) - mated with a white bull because Poseidon cursed her Minotaur - bull head, man body - center of the labyrinth - killed by Athenian hero Thesueus Ariadne - daughter of Minos king of Crete - her father pt her in labyrinth as sacrafice - helps Theseus defeat the Minotaur Phaedra - daughter of Minos, sister of Ariadne - married to Theseus - fell in love with Hipplytus Androgeos - captured the white bull (Marathonian Bull) - Athenians jealous - They kill him - Son of Minos Aegeus - archaic figure in founding Athens - Aegean Sea named after him - Next to Poseidon, father of Theseus - King of Athens Theseus - founder king of Athens - son of Aethra, fathered by Aegeus and Poseidon - Athenian founder hero - Killed the Minotaur Propylaia - monmental entrance to the Acropolis - Doric Order, a few Ionic columns - Fortification Propylon - eastern enterance of the Roman Agora in Athens - 4 Ionic columns made of gray marble - built in 19-11 BCE Tripartite - means literally split into 3 parts Faience - fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale butt earthenware body Knossos - largest Bronze Age archeological sight at Crete - huge Palaces during new Palace Period - Linear B tablets= Mycenean presence - Minoans inhabited before Myc’s obvi - Abandoned during Late Bronze Age by Min + Myc - Reinhabited years later - Palace at Knossos had a paved road= something special, showing off ($) - Throne room really important= some gods/ goddesses - Frescos everywhere, friezes on the walls Clerestory - Found @ Knossos - Upper level of Roman buildings (public buildings) - Or walls which rise above rooflines of the lower aisles - Piereced with windows - Also had lightwells in addition to the clerestories Phaistos - bronze Age archeological site at Faistos - municipality centeral of Crete - classical coins come from here Phaistos Disc - - disk fired from clay at Minoan Phaistos - Late Minoan Bronze Age - looks like hieroglyphics Pithos - large storage container used for shipping and bulk storage - Bronze Age - Small round handels - Hour glass shaped Linear A - early form of Linear B - Said to be Minoan - Undeciphered writing - Found on Crete Linear B - early Greek - Mycenaean - 1450 BC - found at Knossos Cydonia, Plylos, Thebes and Mycenaea Frescos - mural painting executed upon feshly laid lime plaster Akrotiri (Santorini) - Minoan Bronze Age settlement - Linear A & Frescos - - monkey frescos found there Melos - Greek island in Aegean Sea - Statue of Aphrodite -Minoans invaded Melos during Peloponessian War 416 BCE Palekastro - small village in Crete - Minoans center of TRADE Pilgrim flasks - pots shaped like flat flasks - big, round small handles Sarcophogus - decorated “coffin” Helladic - mainland Greece - Bronze Age 300=1100 Mycenae - home of Myceneans - huge Greek power - invade Minoans - have a huge palace- fortification walls Rhyton - contain which to be drank out of - used in ceremonies - blood, wine, olive oil - Archanes - island on Crete - popular in Middle- Late Minoan Anemospilia - archeological site of an ancient Minaon temple on Crete - could be the place where human sacrafice took place - 2 bodies at alter, one on table, one guy running with knife when earthquake hits.. tryin to sacrafice body to stop earthquake Clytemnestra - wife of Agamemnon who was king of Mycenae - femme fatale- murdered her husband - fucks her husbands cousin when hes at war Pausanias - Traveler and geographer - Wrote Descriptions of Greece Cyrpus - island close to Greece - Mycenean Greeks moved there - Apparently birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis Dorians - inhabiting Crete - cause an invasion - are the end of Myceneanes - cause the standard of living in Crete to plummet into dark age Thucydides - Greek historican and Athenian general - Peloponnesian War – Sparta and Athens - 411 BC - father of scientific history Achaeans - Homer uses them in Illiad for all Mycenaean era Greeks Chadwick - figured out phonetic values for syllabic sings shown in Linear B Carpenter - contributed to Linear B decipherings Phoenicia - ancient Semetic civilzation Samos - Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea Mykonos - Island, part of the Cyclades Delos - near Mykonos - birthplace of Apollo and Artemis - sanctuary of Zeus Polyphemus - one eyed giant - son of Poseidon - one of the Cyclopses - eats a ton of people, plays huge role in Homer’s Odysseus - Phalanx/ hoplite - military formation - heavy infantry - stay in unit, crushing opponents Kouros or Kouroi - male youth statues in Archaic period - typically marble - life sized.. early examples 3 M Delphi - site of oracle - worship for Apollow Metope - a rectangular archietectural elemnt that fills the space between the two triglyphs in Doric Friezes - Parthenon marbles depicting the battle between Centars and Lapiths is most famous Dreros - post- Minoan archeological sight - place of Temple of Apollo Dephinios Daedalic style - 7 Cen Minoan - Doric Greek mainly spread - Decorative, geometric Naxos - mainland Greece largest island - Cyclades island group in Aegean - Archaic Cycladic culture Amenhotep 2 - son of Thutmose 3 - king/ Pharoh of the 18 dynasty of Egypt - sculptures influenced Greeks.. shows connection - 1427-1401 Souni - two villages in Cyprus Polymedes - worked 600 BC - created statues of athletes Cleobis and Biton - with tense, frozen pose, one leg forward, disproportionate foreshortening, symmetry, and strength - was the SCULPTOR Herodotus - historian th - 5 century BC - “Father of History” Peplos -body-length garment established as typical attire for women in 500 BC Moscophoros - statue of cow-bearer 560 BC - Acropolis of Athens Chilon - Of Sparta
More Less

Related notes for CLAS 2150

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.