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Final

EDRD 3120 Final: Final Exam - Copy

3 Pages
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Department
Environmental Design and Rural Development
Course Code
EDRD 3120
Professor
Susan Brown

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Final Exam
Answer the following (maximum 550 words):
Experience is central to adult and transformative learning. If you were to deliver a course to adult educators
in training what are five (5) key points you would make sure they understood about experience? Draw from
the articles from Unit 1, the Cranton text, and the Freire text for a well-rounded response. Explain why each
of these five (5) points is important.
Learning Cycle & to Value the Experience - Jarvis
o Experience itself is only a potential basis of learning
o Learning Cycle: Experience Reflection Observation Abstract Conceptualization
Active Experimentation (cyclical)
Close relationship between reflection and active experimentation
Skills are acquired through interaction of experimentation and reflection
until there are internalized as both habitualized knowledge and
routinized performance
o No situation had meaning itself, when people give meaning their experience
gains a meaning
o Oe perso’s eperiee is differet tha aother perso’s, ho a ot fid
meaning
J arvis, P . (1987, S eptember). Meaningful and Meaningless E xperience: T owards an Analys is of
L earning F rom L ife. Adult E ducation Q uarterly, 37(3), 164-172. R etrieved D ecember 10, 2016,
from
http://journals 2.s cholarsportal.info.s ubzero.lib.uoguelph.ca/pdf/07417136/v37i0003/164_mamet
aaolfl.xml
Voluntary & Self-Directed Cranton-2016
o Adult learning is often considered voluntary because they choose to develop
personally or as a response to a professional or practical need but this leads to
the assumption that people are highly motivated and interested in a content
that is relevant to their needs, this may not be true
o Adult learning is also described as self-directed
The def’s of this are aried ad ofusig
Knowles: a process by which people made the instructional design
decisions
Cranton, Patricia. Understanding and Promoting Transformative Learning: A Guide to Theory and
Practice (Kindle Locations 65-736). Stylus Publishing. Kindle Edition.
Liberating education consists in acts of cognition, not transferals of information. It is a
learning situation in which the cognizable object intermediates the cognitive actors
teacher on the one hand and students on the other. (26) -Freire
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Description
Final Exam Answer the following (maximum 550 words): Experience is central to adult and transformative learning. If you were to deliver a course to adult educators in training what are five (5) key points you would make sure they understood about experience? Draw from of these five (5) points is important.text, and the Freire text for a well-rounded response. Explain why each  Learning Cycle & to Value the Experience - Jarvis o Experience itself is only a potential basis of learning o Learning Cycle: Experience – Reflection Observation – Abstract Conceptualization – Active Experimentation (cyclical)  Close relationship between reflection and active experimentation  Skills are acquired through interaction of experimentation and reflection until there are internalized as both habitualized knowledge and routinized performance o No situation had meaning itself, when people give meaning their experience gains a meaning o One person’s experience is different than another person’s, whom may not find meaning Jarvis, P. (1987, September). Meaningful and Meaningless Experience: Towards an Analysis of Learning From Life. Adult Education Quarterly, 37(3), 164-172. Retrieved December 10, 2016, from http://journals2.scholarsportal.info.subzero.lib.uoguelph.ca/pdf/07417136/v37i0003/164_mamet aaolfl.xml  Voluntary & Self-Directed – Cranton-2016 o Adult learning is often considered voluntary because they choose to develop personally or as a response to a professional or practical need but this leads to the assumption that people are highly motivated and interested in a content that is relevant to their needs, this may not be true o Adult learning is also described as self-directed  The def’ns of this are varied and confusing  Knowles: a process by which people made the instructional design decisions Cranton, Patricia. Understanding and Promoting Transformative Learning: A Guide to Theory and Practice (Kindle Locations 65-736). Stylus Publishing. Kindle Edition.  Liberating education consists in acts of cognition, not transferals of information. It is a learning situation in which the cognizable object intermediates the cognitive actors — teacher on the one hand and students on the other. (26) -Freire o Memorization is not key, but being able to apply the information gained (Feire, 1970)  Working in a Group and Learning from others – Lauzon - 1998 o The second challenge adult education must meet is to learn to live with diversity. Globalization is forcing people to 'live' with others who see the world differently. o In terms of adult learners working cooperatively as a group, this style is typified by each learner developing an area of expertise that is then utilized by the group in solving a problem or question. The nature of talk is 'report talk' that uses propositional language and tends to be of a technical nature.  Value the Meaning of Learning – Merriam & heur o Meaning making has several aspects  A cognitive dimension  Activities and life as a while  A motivational aspect  An affective dimension that makes a life worth living (Heuer and Merriam, 1996) One of the main concepts of the transformative learning process is the cycle of the learning experience, and the ability to values that experience. The cycle begins with an experience, followed by a reflection observation, then a period of abstract conceptualization, and finally active experimentation (Jarvis, 1987). It is also important to note that this process is cyclical. It is important to understand this process because there is a belief that learning solely comes from experience, however this fails to give credit to all the other processes involved in learning. Experience itself is only a potential basis of learning (Jarvis, 1987). There needs to be an understanding that we need to provide meaning to a situation in order to learn fr
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